Hebrew and Chaldee Alphabet.
ber. Sound or Power. Hebrew
Letters. Numerical Value. How ex-pressed in
letters. Hebrew Name of Letter. Signification of Name. 1. a (soft breathing) à 1* A Aleph Ox, also Duke, or Leader. 2. b, bb (v) á 2 B Beth House. 3. g (hard), gh â 3 G Gimel Camel. 4. d, dh (flat th) ã 4 D Daleth Door. 5. h (rough breathing) ä 5 H Hé Window. 6. v, u, o å 6 V Vau Peg, Nail. 7. z, dz æ 7 Z Zayin Weapon, Sword. 8. ch (guttural) ç 8 Ch Cheth Enclosure, Fence. 9. t (strong) è 9 T Teth Serpent. 10. i, y (as in yes) é 10 I Yod Hand. 11. k, kh ë Final = ê 20 Final = 500** K Kaph Palm of the hand. 12. l ì 30 L Lamed Ox-goad. 13. m î Final = í 40 Final = 600 M Mem Water. 14. n ð Final = ï 50 Final = 700 N Nun Fish. 15. s ñ 60 S Samekh Prop, Support. 16. o, aa, ng (guttural) ò 70 O Ayin Eye. 17. p, ph ô Final = ó 80 Final = 800 P Pé Mouth. 18. ts, tz, j ö Final = õ 90 Final = 900 Tz Tzaddi Fishing-hook. 19. q, qh (guttural) ÷ 100 Q Qoph Back of the head. 21. sh, s ù 300 Sh Shin Tooth. 22. th, t ú 400 Th Tau Sign of the Cross.
Note: - It is to be remembered that in Hebrew the vowels are supplied by certain points and marks added to the letters; and that the transliteration into Roman letters given in the fifth column of this table is not intended to give the full power of the Hebrew letters; which is shewn in column two.
* Thousands are denoted by a larger letter; thus an Aleph larger than the rest of the letters among which it is, signifies not 1, but 1000.
** The Finals are not always considered as bearing an increased numerical value.