Development of Religion and Thought in Ancient Egypt

INDEX

ABA: proper name, <page 366>

Absorption of divine qualities, <page 129>

Abusir, <page 11>, <page 70>, <page 74>, <page 78>, <page 82>

Abydos, <page 26>, <page 38>, <page 39>, <page 64>, <page 86>, <page 96>, <page 100>, <page 159>, <page 179>, <page 256>, <page 259>, <page 285>, <page 286>, <page 287>, <page 288>, <page 289>, <page 341>

Administration, <page 238>

Admonitions of an Egyptian sage, <page 199>

Admonitions of Ipuwer, <page 204> ff., <page 213>, <page 230>, <page 243> n., <page 245>, <page 249>, <page 257>, <page 318>, <page 348>

Akhetaton: Tell el-Amarna, <page 322> f., <page 330>

Akhikar, story of, <page 215>, <page 247>

Alexander the Great, <page 16>

Amamu, coffin, <page 273> n.

Amenemhet I: king, <page 202>, <page 203>

Amenemhet II: king, <page 285>

Amenemhet III: king, <page 73>

"Amenhotep": meaning, <page 321>

Amenhotep III: king, <page 52>, <page 310>, <page 315>, <page 319>, <page 320>, <page 322>

Amenhotep IV: king, <page 319> ff.

Ameni of Benihasan, <page 240> n., <page 248>, <page 252>

Amenmose: scribe, <page 271>

Amon: god, <page 310>, <page 318>, <page 321>, <page 322>, <page 342>, <page 344>, <page 345>, <page 346>, <page 349>, <page 350>, <page 351>, <page 352>, <page 353>, <page 360>, <page 363>, <page 364>

Amon-Re: god, <page 318> Amon-Re-Wennofer: Osiris, <page 360>

Ancestors, respect for, <page 270>

Ani and wife: scribe, <page 306> f.

Anubis: god of the dead, <page 27>, <page 33>, <page 37>, <page 62>, <page 100>, <page 113>, <page 131>, <page 149>, <page 225>, <page 259>, <page 260>, <page 261>, <page 266>, <page 270>, <page 284>, <page 290>, <page 304>, <page 358> f.

Api, Amarna hymn of, <page 316> n.

Apophis: deity, <page 283>

Art as affected by Aton faith, <page 336>

"Ascendest": use of word, <page 161>

"Ascending": meaning, <page 276> n.

Ascending by Day: Chapters of, <page 276>, <page 294>

Ascent of the sky, <page 109>, <page 154>

Atlas: Greek deity, <page 11>

Aton as universal creator, <page 332>

Aton faith, <page 322> ff., <page 347>

Aton, fatherly solicitude, <page 334>

Aton, source of life, <page 333>

Atum: Sun-god, <page 8>, <page 9>, <page 11>, <page 13>, <page 18>, <page 19>, <page 36>, <page 42>, <page 44>, <page 45>, <page 76>, <page 96>, <page 107>, <page 108>, <page 111>, <page 112>, <page 113>, <page 123>, <page 125>, <page 127>, <page 154>, <page 157>, <page 161>, <page 185>, <page 254>, <page 275>, <page 279>, <page 282>, <page 319> ff., <page 346> f., <page 350>, <page 354>, <page 361>



BA: soul, <page 56>, <page 57>, <page 59>, <page 61>, <page 62>, <page 265> n.

Ba, soul, began to exist at death, <page 56>

Babi: demon, <page 303>

Barque of Osiris, <page 288>

Bastet: goddess, <page 173>

Bata: god in folk-tale, <page 358> f.

Beetle, sacred, <page 308>

Beliefs, archaic, <page 50>

Ben (ben-ben) at Heliopolis, <page 11>, <page 76>, <page 330>

Blessedness hereafter. See Felicity

Bodily members enumerated, <page 110>

Body, part of personality, <page 55>

Body, permanent survival, <page 70>

Body, resuscitation of, <page 57>, <page 61>

"Book of him who is in the Nether World," <page 297>

Book of the Dead, <page 22>, <page 34>, <page 134>, <page 253> n., <page 272>, <page 273>, <page 274>, <page 277>, <page 281>, <page 284>, <page 293>, <page 294>, <page 295>, <page 296>, <page 297>, <page 299>, <page 301>, <page 308>, <page 309>, <page 318> n., <page 337> n., <page 338>, <page 341>, <page 354>

Book of the Dead: genesis of, <page 293> f.

"Book of the Gates," <page 297>

"Book of the Two Ways," <page 283>, <page 297>

Busiris: Dedu, <page 39>

Buto: capital of Delta, <page 86>, <page 118>, <page 145>

Byblos: place name, <page 26>



CALENDAR of festivals, <page 68>, <page 77>, <page 260>, <page 267> n., <page 290>

Cartouches: use of, <page 320>

Celebrations, religious, <page 68>

Celestial hereafter, <page 101>, <page 159>, <page 274>, <page 276>

Celestial hereafter not Osirian, <page 142>, <page 148>

Celestial Nile, <page 122>

Celestial ocean, <page 10>

Celestial revenues of Pharaoh, <page 131>

Ceremonial transgressions, <page 303>

[p. 372]

Ceremonial washings, <page 254>

Chapel, tomb-, <page 62>

Character, personal, <page 179>, <page 238>, <page 302>, <page 336>

Charm: quoted, <page 133>

Charm to open gates of sky, <page 114>

Charms, <page 93>, <page 94>, <page 135>, <page 292>, <page 307>

Charms against dangers of hereafter, <page 296>

Charms, collections of, <page 281>

Charms in mortuary texts, <page 292>

Charms in Pyramid Texts, <page 80> n.

Charms, Pyramid Texts used as, <page 94>

Charms: Ushebtis, <page 295>

Coffin Texts, <page 23> n., <page 253>, <page 255>, <page 273>, <page 274>, <page 276>, <page 277>, <page 278>, <page 280>, <page 281>, <page 293>, <page 294>

Coffins, inscribed, <page 272>

Commercial relations, <page 314>

Communion with god, <page 354>, <page 355>

Concrete forms of thought, <page 246>

"Confession," negative, <page 301>

Conscience, <page 198>, <page 297>, <page 354>

Crimes denied, <page 302>

Cult, <page 7>



DAHSHUR, pyramid, <page 73>, <page 81>

Daily life, pictured in Pyramid Texts, <page 88>

Dangers of hereafter, <page 282>

Dead, designations of, <page 56> n.

Dead, dreaded as demons, <page 292>

Dead lived near the tomb, <page 51>

Dead, malice of, <page 284>

Dead, place of the, <page 99>

Dead, realms of the, <page 70> ff., <page 118> ff.

Dead, required restoration of senses, <page 58> f.

Dead, sojourn in Nether World, <page 276>

Dead, transformations of, <page 277>, <page 296>

Dead, two beliefs as to abode, <page 51>

Death, protest against, <page 91>

Death, views of, <page 190>

Debhen: official, <page 65>

Declaration of innocence, <page 301> <page 8>., <page 308>

Dedication of pyramid and temple, <page 75>

Der el-Bahri: Thebes, <page 16>, <page 287> n.

"Devouress": demon, <page 306>

Dewamutef, son of Horus, <page 112>, <page 133>

Dewat, <page 122>, <page 136>, <page 139>, <page 144>

Dialogue form of discourse, <page 247>

Dialogue of a Misanthrope, <page 183> ff., <page 199>, <page 203>, <page 215>, <page 230>, <page 238>, <page 245>, <page 246>, <page 250>, <page 358> n.



EAST: place of ascent of sky, <page 116>

"East": place of the dead, <page 101>, <page 102>

"East of the sky" more sacred than West, <page 104>

East of the Sky, place of living again, <page 102>

Edfu: place name, <page 9>

Editors of Pyramid Texts, <page 93>

Egyptian thinking, graphic, <page 7>, <page 219> f., <page 246>

Eloquent Peasant, tale of the. See Tale

Endowments, testamentary, <page 67>, <page 81>, <page 270>

"Ennead": meaning, <page 42>

Equipment of the dead, material, <page 75>, <page 84>

"Equipped": meaning, <page 169>

"Equipped" mouths, <page 94>

"Equipped" one, <page 60>

Ethical decadence, <page 309>

Ethical ordeal, future. See Judgment

Ethical requirements, <page 338>

Ethical significance of Osiris, <page 255>

Ethical teaching in Osirian faith, <page 176>

Ethics, <page 336>

Exorcism, <page 292>

"Expeller of Deceit," <page 175>

Eye of Horus. See Horus-Eye

Eye of Khnum, <page 107>



FACULTIES, reconstitution of, <page 61>

Falcon, <page 133>, <page 274>, <page 320>

Falcon, sacred bird of Sun-god, <page 109>

Falcon, symbol of Horus, <page 9>

Feast, oldest religious, <page 39>

Feasts, calendar of. See Calendar Feasts, list of, <page 267>

Felicity in hereafter, <page 135>, <page 177>, <page 257>

Felicity, not dependent on material means, <page 84>

Ferry-boat over Lily-lake, <page 105> f.

Ferrying over, <page 155>, <page 157>

Ferryman, <page 119>, <page 130>, <page 157>

Ferryman of Re, <page 172>

Festivals, Osirian, <page 289>

Fetekta, servant of Re, <page 119>

Field of Life, <page 136>

Field of Offering, <page 133>, <page 137>

Field of Rushes, <page 161>, <page 172>

Filial piety, <page 167>

"First of the Westerners," <page 38>, <page 100>, <page 104> n., <page 143>, <page 159>, <page 162>, <page 258>, <page 286>, <page 289>

Floats of reeds, two, <page 108>, <page 158>

[p. 373]

Folk-religion: Osirian, <page 285>

Folk-tales, <page 10>, <page 46>

"Followers of Horus," <page 171>, <page 306>

"Followers of Osiris," <page 158>

Food supply in hereafter, <page 129>, <page 281>

Forty-two gods of judgment, <page 299> ff.

Funeral barge, <page 286>

Funerary furniture, prehistoric, <page 50>

Funerary ritual, <page 93>

Future, ultimate, <page 196>



GASUTI, bull of the sky (Saturn), <page 112>

Gates of celestial country opened, <page 114>

Geb: Earth-god, <page 9>, <page 11>, <page 18>, <page 21>, <page 22>, <page 24>, <page 30>, <page 34>, <page 36>, <page 41>, <page 42>, <page 58>, <page 63>, <page 111>, <page 113>, <page 117>, <page 118> n., <page 139>, <page 143>, <page 172>, <page 173>, <page 280>

Gebga: mysterious scribe, <page 282>

Genii of the dead, four, <page 156>, <page 157>

Gizeh: place name, <page 258>

Gizeh, cemetery, <page 83>, <page 84>

Gizeh, pyramids of, <page 15>

"Glorious," <page 56> n.

"Glorious," dead called, <page 94>

"Glorious one," <page 60>, <page 148>, <page 162>, <page 265> n.

"Gods," <page 322>

Gods, possible hostility of, <page 115>

Graphic forms of thought, <page 7>, <page 219> f., <page 246>

"Grasper of Forelocks," <page 127>

"Great God, Lord of the Sky," <page 171>



HAMMURABI, laws of. <page 246>

Hapi, son of Horus, <page 112>, <page 133>

Hapu: vizier, <page 239> n.

Hapuseneb: High-priest of Amon, <page 319> n.

Harakhte: Horus of Horizon, <page 9>, <page 109>, <page 121>, <page 155>, <page 156>, <page 318>, <page 320>

Hardedef: son of Khufu, <page 182>, <page 184>

Harhotep, tomb of, <page 256> n.

Harhotep: tomb inscriptions, <page 273> n., <page 282> n.

Harkhuf of Elephantine, <page 169>

Harmhab: king, <page 345>

Harsaphes: god, <page 361>

Hathor, the eye of Re: goddess, <page 124>, <page 253>, <page 278>, <page 279>

Hatshepsut: queen, <page 287> n., <page 319> n.

"Heart": seat of intelligence, <page 44>, <page 55>, <page 59>

Heart scarab, <page 308>, <page 339>, <page 340> n.

Heliopolis, <page 10>, <page 11>, <page 15>, <page 28>, <page 33>, <page 34>, <page 40>, <page 43>, <page 44>, <page 71>, <page 72>, <page 76>, <page 110>, <page 116>, <page 118> n., <page 147>, <page 148>, <page 152>, <page 175>, <page 176>, <page 199>, <page 250>, <page 251>, <page 275>, <page 281>, <page 303>, <page 321>, <page 354>, <page 361>

Heliopolitan theology, <page 149>, <page 336>

Hepzefi of Slut, <page 67>, <page 259>, <page 270>, <page 289>

Hereafter as a place of dangers, <page 281>

Hereafter, conception of, <page 278>

Hereafter, continuation of life in, <page 49> f., <page 81>, <page 280>

Hereafter, dangers of, <page 296> Hereafter, democratization of, <page 252>, <page 257>

Hereafter, glorious, <page 103>

Hereafter, material welfare in, <page 165>

Hereafter, Osirian, <page 285>

Hereafter, Osirian doctrine, <page 159>

Hereafter, royal felicity in, <page 88>

Hereafter, royal survival in, <page 75>

Hereafter, sojourn in, <page 53>

Hereafter, Solar and Osirian conceptions, <page 140>

Hereafter, views of, <page 295>

Heralds announcing the king, <page 118>

Herodotus, <page 277>, <page 288>, <page 290>, <page 367>

High Priest of Amon, <page 319>

Hor: architect, <page 315>, <page 326> n.

Horus: god, <page 8>, <page 9>, <page 10>, <page 18>, <page 26>, <page 28>, <page 29>, <page 30>, <page 32>, <page 33>, <page 34>, <page 35>, <page 36>, <page 37>, <page 39>, <page 40>, <page 41>, <page 42>, <page 53>, <page 57>, <page 59>, <page 62>, <page 63>, <page 78>, <page 81>, <page 86>, <page 100>, <page 105>, <page 108>, <page 112>, <page 118>, <page 119>, <page 120>, <page 122>, <page 133>, <page 140>, <page 143>, <page 145>, <page 147>, <page 148>, <page 152>, <page 154>, <page 160>, <page 162>, <page 164>, <page 166>, <page 172>, <page 173>, <page 175>, <page 236>, <page 254>, <page 255>, <page 278>, <page 284>, <page 288>, <page 290>, <page 303>, <page 306>, <page 345>

Horus, battle with Set, <page 31>

Horus, filial piety of, <page 29>

Horus, good offices to the king, <page 146>

Horus of Dewat, <page 133>

Horus of the East, <page 155> f.

Horus of the Gods, <page 155> f.

Horus of the Horizon, <page 155> f., <page 318>

Horus of the Shesmet, <page 155> f.

Horus, Solar, <page 41>

Horus, sons of, <page 111>, <page 112> n., <page 133>, <page 156>, <page 175>

Horus-Eye, <page 12>, <page 13>, <page 31>, <page 59>, <page 78>, <page 104>, <page 107> n., <page 162>, <page 278>

Horuses, four. <page 9>, <page 114>, <page 124>, <page 133>, <page 154>, <page 155>, <page 156>, <page 157>, <page 172>

Hostile creatures to dead, <page 51>

Hymn, magical, to Sun-god, <page 121>

Hymn to Amon, <page 345> f., <page 349>, <page 350>

Hymn to Aton, royal, <page 329>

Hymn to Osiris, <page 348>

Hymn to Osiris as Nile, <page 96>

Hymn to Sun, earliest, <page 13>

Hymn to Sun-god. <page 124>, <page 310>, <page 312>, <page 315>

Hymn to the Sky-goddess, <page 96>, <page 148>

[p. 374]

Hymn to the Sun, <page 95>, <page 96>, <page 98>, <page 211> n.

Hymns, ancient religious, <page 93>

Hymns not necessarily charms, <page 95>

Hymns, old, <page 355>

Hymns, religious, <page 97>

Hymns to Aton, <page 321>, <page 323>, <page 336>, <page 361>

Hymns to the gods, <page 17>



IDEALS, practical, <page 356>

Ikhernofret: officer, <page 287> ff.

"Ikhnaton": meaning, <page 322>

Ikhnaton: king, <page 344>, <page 345> n., <page 363>

Imhotep: architect of Zoser, <page 182>, <page 184>

Immorality, <page 356>

Immortality, <page 179>, <page 184>

"Immortality" not an Egyptian belief, <page 61>

Imperialism, effect on religion, <page 313>

Imperial power, reaction on thought, <page 5>

"Imperishable Ones": the dead, <page 101>

Imperishable Stars, <page 92>, <page 107>, <page 130>, <page 134>, <page 136>, <page 137>, <page 138>, <page 139>, <page 149>, <page 158>, <page 159>, <page 163>, <page 279>

Imset, son of Horus, <page 112>, <page 133>

Incense, significance of, <page 126>

Inmutef: priestly title, <page 14>

Innocence, declaration of, <page 301> ff., <page 308>

Innocence of evil-doing, <page 168>

Installation of the Vizier, <page 239>, <page 246>, <page 248>, <page 249>, <page 348>

Instruction of Amenemhet, <page 247>, <page 249> n.

Intef: baron, <page 271>

Intelligence, part of personality, <page 55>

Inti of Deshasheh, <page 171>

Ipuwer, Admonitions of, <page 204> ff., <page 213>, <page 230>, <page 243> n., <page 245>, <page 249>, <page 257>, <page 318>, <page 348>

Irreconcilable beliefs, <page 163> f.

Isesi: king, <page 228>

Isis: goddess, <page 9>, <page 11>, <page 24>, <page 26>, <page 27>, <page 29>, <page 30>, <page 32>, <page 34>, <page 37>, <page 38>, <page 39>, <page 57>, <page 104> n., <page 113>, <page 119>, <page 125>, <page 135>, <page 137>, <page 145>, <page 147>, <page 154>, <page 156>, <page 162>, <page 286>, <page 290>, <page 304>, <page 306>, <page 368>



JACKAL, a god of the west, <page 120>

Judge in the hereafter, <page 176>

Judgment, future, <page 169>, <page 173>, <page 179>, <page 253>, <page 256>, <page 294>, <page 297>, <page 299> ff., <page 309>, <page 338>

Judgment: Osirian, <page 307>

"Justice," <page 174> n.

Justice, <page 238>, <page 242>, <page 244>, <page 252>, <page 253>

Justice to the poor, <page 226>

Justification of the dead, <page 54>, <page 178>, <page 197>, <page 254>, <page 255>, <page 339>

Justification, Solar, <page 174>

Justification through magic, <page 309>

"Justified," <page 33>, <page 147>, <page 175>, <page 256> n.



KA (kas), <page 45>, <page 52>f., <page 55>, <page 57> n., <page 69> n., <page 76>, <page 77>, <page 111>, <page 112>, <page 122>, <page 130>, <page 134>, <page 137>, <page 174>, <page 267>, <page 275>, <page 283>, <page 284>, <page 286>, <page 305>, <page 352>

Ka a superior genius, <page 52>

Ka, exclusive possession of king, <page 55>

Ka, not an element of personality, <page 55>

Kebehet, daughter of Anubis, <page 112>, <page 113>, <page 116>, <page 136>

Kebehsenuf, son of Horus, <page 112>, <page 133>

Kegemne: vizier, <page 228>

Kerkeru: scribe of Osiris, <page 277>

Khafre: king, <page 15>, <page 68>

Khai: proper name, <page 352>

Khekheperre-sonbu: priest, <page 199>, <page 200>, <page 230>, <page 238>, <page 247>, <page 250>

Khenti-Amentiu: "First of the Westerners," <page 38>, <page 143>

Khepri: Sun-god, <page 9>, <page 10>, <page 13>, <page 112>, <page 161>, <page 316>

Kheti: vizier, <page 241>, <page 244>

Khnumhotep of Benihasan, <page 267>, <page 271>, <page 286>

Khufu: king, <page 15>, <page 182>, <page 184>, <page 271>

King. See also Pharaoh

King as counsellor of Re, <page 120>

King became Osiris, <page 145> f.

King identified with god, <page 160>

King not exempt from judgment, <page 172>, <page 177>

Kingship, conception of, <page 17>

Kingship, relation of Osiris to, <page 39>

Kingship, the idealized, <page 251>



LADDER to sky, <page 111>, <page 112>, <page 116>, <page 153>, <page 156>, <page 158>

"Landing": euphemism for "death," <page 92>

Laws of Egypt, <page 248>

Lexicography of Pyramid Texts, <page 90>

Life after death, <page 49> f. See also Hereafter

Life-giving power of Aton, Sun-god, <page 333>

Life hereafter, indefinite, <page 81>

"Lily-lake," <page 105> f., <page 116>, <page 125> n., <page 139>, <page 279>

Literary quality of Pyramid Texts, <page 97>

"Look-behind, "the ferryman, <page 105> f.

Luxor, <page 16>, <page 52>

[p. 375]

MAFDET: deity, <page 133>

Magic, <page 284>, <page 309>. See also Charms Magic and magic power, <page 94>, <page 95>

Magic in hereafter, <page 290>, <page 292>, <page 307>

Magic jar, <page 106>

Magical agencies, <page 281>, <page 339>

Magical charm, <page 338> n.

Magical charms, <page 93>

Magical devices, <page 132>

Magical equipment, mortuary, <page 60>

Magical formulae, <page 291>

Magical hymn to Sun-god, <page 121>

Magical power, <page 116>

Mastaba reliefs, <page 113>

Mat: goddess of truth, <page 173>, <page 255>, <page 338>

Material equipment of the dead, <page 62>, <page 362>

Medum, pyramids, <page 83>

Memphis, <page 43>, <page 241>, <page 361>

Memphite theology, <page 46>, <page 166>

Menkure: king, <page 15>

Meri: architect, <page 258>

Merire: Pepi I, <page 172>

Mernere: king, <page 19>, <page 77>, <page 84>, <page 85>, <page 108>, <page 160>, <page 172>

Messianic kingdom, <page 251>

Messianism, <page 212> ff.

Methen, keeper of gate of sky, <page 119>

"Mighty": used of the dead, <page 61>

Migration of literary materials, <page 215>

Mnevis: sacred bull, <page 321> n.

Mohammed, <page 234> n.

Monotheism, <page 6>, <page 315>

Monotheistic phrases, <page 347>

"Mooring": euphemism for "death," <page 92>, <page 186>

Moral aspirations limited, <page 176>

Moral consciousness, <page 37>, <page 306>, <page 336>

Moral decadence, <page 209>

Moral distinctions, <page 309>

Moral earnestness, <page 238>

Moral ideals, <page 238>

Moral ideas, <page 8>

Moral life obligation to, <page 187>

Moral obligations, <page 250>, <page 251>

Moral ordeal in future. See Judgment

Moral requirements, <page 253>

Moral responsibility, <page 170>, <page 253>, <page 307>, <page 309>

Moral sense, <page 33>, <page 309>

Moral sense, emergence of, <page 165>

Moral thinking, <page 252>

Moral unworthiness, <page 251>

Moral unworthiness of society, <page 202>

Moral values, <page 5>

Moral worthiness, <page 173>, <page 304>

Moral worthiness, claims of, <page 167>

Morning Star, <page 133>, <page 134>, <page 138>, <page 173>, <page 284>

Mortuary belief dominated by magic, <page 284>

Mortuary contracts, <page 260>

Mortuary gifts, <page 258>, <page 270>

Mortuary inscriptions, <page 248>, <page 285>

Mortuary literature, <page 272>

Mortuary magical equipment. <page 60>

Mortuary maintenance, <page 78>

Mortuary paintings, <page 56>

Mortuary practices, <page 259>, <page 362>

Mortuary practices, Osirian, <page 62>

Mortuary priest, servant of the ka, <page 54>

Mortuary priests, <page 98>, <page 270>

Mortuary processions, <page 260>, <page 266>

Mortuary statuettes: Ushebtis, <page 295>

Mortuary texts, <page 253>, <page 273>, <page 366>

Mortuary texts for king only, <page 99>

Mortuary texts on rolls, <page 293>

Mummy, devices to make it a living body, <page 59>

Mythology of Egypt, <page 46>

Myths, <page 12>, <page 85>, <page 355>

Myths, fragments of old, <page 93>

Myths, lost, <page 91>

Myths, old, <page 96>



NAKHT-AMON: painter, <page 351>

Name, <page 107>, <page 116>, <page 134>, <page 301>

Name, good, on earth, <page 188>

National organization, first, <page 5>

Nebre: painter, <page 351>

Neferhotep: priest, <page 182>, <page 185>

Neferhotepes, queen, <page 82>

Neferirkere, king, <page 16>, <page 78>, <page 82>

Neferkere: Pepi II, <page 139>, <page 146>, <page 174>

"Negative confession," <page 301>

Neit: goddess, <page 125>

Nekheb, <page 130>

Nekhtyoker: prince, <page 271>

Nekure, prince, <page 68>

Nemaathap: royal mother, <page 81>

Neper: harvest god, <page 277>

Nephthys: goddess, <page 9>, <page 11>, <page 26>, <page 27>, <page 30>, <page 32>, <page 34>, <page 38>, <page 59> n., <page 97>, <page 104> n., <page 113>, <page 119>, <page 125>, <page 137>, <page 145>, <page 147>, <page 154>, <page 156>, <page 162>, <page 304>

Neshmet barque, <page 289>

Nether World, <page 99>, <page 144>, <page 160>, <page 276>, <page 281>

Nether World the domain of Osiris, <page 36>

New Year celebrations, <page 261>

[p. 376]

Nile, <page 21>

Nile as Osiris, <page 333>

Nile, influence on Egyptian religion, <page 8>

Nile-god, <page 52>

Nun: god, <page 34>, <page 125>, <page 133>

Nuserre: king, <page 82>

Nut: Sky-goddess, <page 11>, <page 24>, <page 95>, <page 123>, <page 133>, <page 135>, <page 136>, <page 137>, <page 139>, <page 143>, <page 148>, <page 161>, <page 162>, <page 279>, <page 317>



OBELISK, <page 15>

Obelisk: symbol of Sun-god, <page 70>

Offering ritual, <page 79>, <page 90> n., <page 150>, <page 151>, <page 159>

Offerings for king, <page 78>

Offerings for the dead, <page 62>

Offerings to the dead: Horus-eye, <page 59>

Official conduct, <page 238>

Onkhu: priest, <page 200>

Ophir of the Old Testament, <page 66>

Orion: the sky, <page 128>, <page 139>, <page 144>, <page 277>, <page 284>

Osirian editing of texts, <page 172> n., <page 276>

Osirian ethics, <page 309>

Osirian faith, <page 37> f., <page 78>, <page 102>, <page 139>, <page 157>, <page 176>, <page 274>, <page 285>, <page 304>, <page 307>, <page 310>, <page 367>

Osirian faith: popular religion, <page 140>, <page 142>

Osirian litigation at Heliopolis, <page 175>

Osirian "passion play," <page 26>, <page 287>, <page 290>, <page 341>

Osirian point of view, <page 42>

Osirian theology, <page 43>, <page 148>

Osirianization of Egyptian religion, <page 142> ff., <page 176>

Osirianization of hereafter, <page 276>

Osirianization of Pyramid Texts, <page 150> ff.

Osiris: god, <page 8>, <page 9>, <page 11>, <page 18> ff., <page 25>, <page 26>, <page 27>, <page 28>, <page 29>, <page 30>, <page 32>, <page 34>, <page 35>, <page 36>, <page 37>, <page 39>, <page 40>, <page 42>, <page 53>, <page 57> n., <page 59>, <page 62>, <page 73> n., <page 74>, <page 75>, <page 76>, <page 96>, <page 97>, <page 100>, <page 104> n., <page 119>, <page 139>, <page 140>, <page 143>, <page 144>, <page 145>, <page 147>, <page 148>, <page 149>, <page 150>, <page 153>, <page 154>, <page 155>, <page 156>, <page 157>, <page 158>, <page 159>, <page 160>, <page 161>, <page 162>, <page 163>, <page 164>, <page 170>, <page 171>, <page 174>, <page 176>, <page 188>, <page 250>, <page 251>, <page 252>, <page 253>, <page 254>, <page 255>, <page 256>, <page 258>, <page 259>, <page 276>, <page 277>, <page 278>, <page 284>, <page 285>, <page 286>, <page 288>, <page 289>, <page 290>, <page 299>, <page 301>, <page 304>, <page 305>, <page 306>, <page 309>, <page 310>, <page 337>, <page 338>, <page 340>, <page 341>, <page 348>, <page 360>, <page 362>, <page 365>, <page 367>

Osiris, a mortuary god, <page 54>

Osiris and Set, correlation of, <page 40>

Osiris as judge, <page 255>

Osiris as Nile, <page 18>, <page 146>

Osiris as sea or ocean, <page 20>

Osiris, associated with vegetable life, <page 22>

Osiris barque, <page 256> n.

Osiris celestialized, <page 149>

Osiris, charges against, <page 32>

Osiris, identifications of, <page 23>

Osiris, identified with soil or earth, <page 21>

Osiris, lord of Dewat, <page 150>

Osiris myth, <page 24>, <page 37>, <page 63>, <page 145>, <page 152>, <page 251>, <page 284>, <page 287>, <page 288>, <page 290>

Osiris receives the kingdom, <page 36>

Osiris Solarized, <page 160>

Osiris, source of fertility, <page 20>

Osiris, the principle of life, <page 23>

Osiris, triumph of, <page 33>

Osiris-Apis: Serapis, <page 367>

Osiris-Wennofer: god, <page 306>



PAHERI: prince, <page 298>

Pai: painter, <page 351>

Pantheism, <page 312>, <page 357>

Pantheistic speculations, <page 362>

Papremis: place name, <page 288>, <page 290>

"Passion play": Osirian, <page 287>, <page 290>, <page 341>

Pepi: king, <page 53>, <page 57>, <page 58>, <page 76>, <page 78>, <page 81>, <page 88>, <page 89>, <page 91>, <page 92>, <page 94>, <page 102>, <page 106>, <page 107>, <page 108>, <page 109>, <page 110>, <page 111>, <page 113>, <page 114>, <page 115>, <page 116>, <page 117>, <page 118>, <page 126>, <page 130>, <page 131>, <page 132>, <page 133>, <page 134>, <page 136>, <page 137>, <page 150>, <page 153>, <page 158>, <page 162>, <page 163>, <page 171>, <page 172>, <page 173>, <page 174>, <page 175>, <page 177>, <page 178>

Pepi I: king, <page 19>, <page 84>, <page 85>, <page 154>, <page 158>

Pepi I, addressed as Osiris, <page 19>

Pepi II, king, <page 19>, <page 66>, <page 76>, <page 79>, <page 81>, <page 85>, <page 111>, <page 112>

Pepi II, as Osiris, <page 19>

Persen: noble, <page 82>

Personal aspiration to god, <page 349>

Personal relation to god, <page 349>

Personality, Egyptian conception, <page 51>, <page 55>, <page 61>, <page 70>, <page 179>, <page 181>

Personality never dissociated from body, <page 56>

Pessimism, <page 203>, <page 216>, <page 249>, <page 257>

Pharaoh, <page 15>, <page 16>, <page 17>, <page 64>, <page 70>, <page 75>, <page 81>, <page 100>, <page 103>, <page 105>, <page 114>, <page 117>, <page 130> n., <page 135>, <page 154>, <page 173>, <page 240>, <page 272>, <page 310>, <page 318>, <page 319>, <page 320>, <page 364>

Pharaoh a cosmic figure, <page 125>

Pharaoh as priest before Re, <page 121>

Pharaoh as son of Sun-god, <page 122>

Pharaoh becomes a great god, <page 123>

[p. 377]

Pharaoh, deceased, as scribe of Re, <page 120>

Pharaoh, entrance to sky, <page 149>

Pharaoh, identified with Re, <page 122>

Pharaoh on Sun-god's throne, <page 124>

Pharaoh preying on the gods, <page 127>

Pharaoh receives homage as Sun-god, <page 125>

Pharaoh. See also King

Phoenix, <page 11>, <page 71>, <page 72>, <page 77>, <page 274>, <page 278>, <page 296>, <page 300>

Physical restoration of dead, <page 57>

Pilgrimages to Abydos, <page 285>

Pleasure, life of, <page 194>

Plutarch, <page 25>, <page 28>

Poetic form of the Pyramid Texts, <page 97>

Poor, complaints of the, <page 219>

Popularization of mortuary customs, <page 272>

Portrait statues, <page 65>, <page 168>, <page 179>, <page 259>, <page 267>

Prayer, <page 355>

Prayer for the dead: effectiveness, <page 272>

Prayers for dead king, <page 93>

Prayers in Pyramid Texts, <page 80> n.

Prayers used as charms, <page 95>

"Prepared" one, <page 60>

Priesthood, <page 179>, <page 309>, <page 342>

Priesthood of Amon, <page 319>, <page 321>

Priesthood, political, <page 363>

Priesthood, state, <page 142>

Priests, maintenance of, <page 81>

"Primaeval," title of Osiris, <page 22>

Privileges accruing from endowments, <page 68>

Procession, Osirian, <page 289>

Psychology of the dead, <page 61>

Ptah: god, <page 11>, <page 43>, <page 44>, <page 45> n., <page 47>, <page 278>, <page 361>

Ptah-tatenen: god, <page 45>, <page 46>

Punt: Ophir, <page 66>

Purification of the dead, <page 103>, <page 155>, <page 171>

Pyramid, <page 15>, <page 140>

Pyramid causeway, <page 74>

Pyramid complex, <page 74>

Pyramid residence city, <page 75>

Pyramid, sacred symbol, <page 70>

Pyramid, symbol of Sun-god, <page 320>

Pyramid temple, <page 74>

Pyramid Texts, <page 10>, <page 12>, <page 18>, <page 19>, <page 20>, <page 25>, <page 26>, <page 31>, <page 33> n., <page 34>, <page 35>, <page 38>, <page 40>, <page 52>, <page 56>, <page 57>, <page 60>, <page 61>, <page 63>, <page 69> n., <page 72>, <page 73> n., <page 77>, <page 79>, <page 84>, <page 85>, <page 87>, <page 97>, <page 101>, <page 102>, <page 103>, <page 104>, <page 114>, <page 115>, <page 122>, <page 124>, <page 126>, <page 131>, <page 135>, <page 142>, <page 144>, <page 145>, <page 146>, <page 148>, <page 149>, <page 150>, <page 155>, <page 158>, <page 159>, <page 163>, <page 171>, <page 172>, <page 175>, <page 176> n., <page 177>, <page 178>, <page 209>, <page 250>, <page 251>, <page 254>, <page 272>, <page 273>, <page 274>, <page 275>, <page 276>, <page 277>, <page 278>, <page 279>, <page 280>, <page 281>, <page 282>, <page 285>, <page 294>, <page 310>, <page 312>, <page 318>, <page 320>, <page 358>

Pyramid Texts: a compilation, <page 92>

Pyramid Texts: a terra incognita, <page 90>

Pyramid Texts: function to insure king felicity in hereafter, <page 88>, <page 92>

Pyramid Texts not a coherent whole, <page 135> f.

Pyramid Texts not used by nobles, <page 99>

Pyramid Texts Osirianized, <page 150> ff.

Pyramid Texts recited, <page 98> Pyramid-tomb, <page 72>, <page 74>

Pyramidion (ben-ben), <page 71>

Pyramids, <page 178>, <page 179>

Pyramids, inscribed, <page 84>

Pyramids: material equipment, <page 84>



RAMSES II: king, <page 364>

RAMSES IV: king, <page 18>

Rationalism of Ikhnaton, <page 333>

Re: Sun-god, <page 8>, <page 9>, <page 10>, <page 17>, <page 18>, <page 24>, <page 33>, <page 36>, <page 43>, <page 53>, <page 66>, <page 78>, <page 79>, <page 87>, <page 102>, <page 103>, <page 106>, <page 107>, <page 108>, <page 109>, <page 110>, <page 111>, <page 115>, <page 117>, <page 118>, <page 119>, <page 120>, <page 121>, <page 122>, <page 123>, <page 124>, <page 125>, <page 126>, <page 131>, <page 132>, <page 133>, <page 134>, <page 135>, <page 136>, <page 137>, <page 138>, <page 139>, <page 140>, <page 148>, <page 149>, <page 152>, <page 154>, <page 159>, <page 160>, <page 161>, <page 162>, <page 163>, <page 164>, <page 170>, <page 171>, <page 172>, <page 174>, <page 175>, <page 185>, <page 187>, <page 196>, <page 211>, <page 221>, <page 225>, <page 245>, <page 250>, <page 251>, <page 252>, <page 253>, <page 274>, <page 275>, <page 277>, <page 279>, <page 281>, <page 285>, <page 304>, <page 305>, <page 310>, <page 324>, <page 328>, <page 337>, <page 346>, <page 350>

Re-Atum: Solar god, <page 10>, <page 119>, <page 120>, <page 139>, <page 160>, <page 161>, <page 274>

Re-Harakhte: god, <page 354>

Re-Khepri: god, <page 21>

Reed floats, two, <page 108>, <page 158>

Rekhmire: vizier, <page 239> n.

Religious development institutional, <page 363>.

Religious faculty, the, <page 4>

Religious literature, ancient, <page 98>

Renaissance, <page 365>

Responsibility, personal, <page 297>

Resurrection of Osiris, <page 31> f., <page 39>, <page 160>, <page 238>, <page 341>

Resurrection the act of a god, <page 57>

"Righteousness," <page 174>-<page 175>, <page 253>, <page 254> n., <page 310>

Ritual at Abydos, <page 96>

[p. 378]

Ritual for benefit of king, <page 77>

Ritual, funerary and offering, <page 93>

Ritual of Aton, <page 329>

Ritual of offerings, <page 79> n.

Ritual of worship, <page 93>

Royal cemetery, Abydos, <page 64>



SAHURE, king, <page 82>, <page 168>

Sakkara: pyramids at, <page 84>

Sails, goddess of cataract, <page 103>

Scarab, <page 31>

Scepticism, <page 179>, <page 185>, <page 257>

Sebek-o: coffin of, <page 73> n.

Sebni of Elephantine, <page 62>, <page 65>

Sed-Feast, <page 39>

Sehetepibre: stela, <page 258> n.

Sehpu: herald of king, <page 118>

Sekhem: son of Osiris, <page 152>

Sekhmet: goddess, <page 82>

Self-consciousness, <page 198>

Serapis: Osiris, <page 367>

Serket: goddess, <page 125>

Serpent-charms, <page 95>, <page 135>

Sesenebnef: official, <page 253>

Sesostris I: king, <page 71>, <page 202>, <page 258>, <page 286>

Sesostris II: king, <page 199>

Sesostris III: king, <page 287>

Set: god, <page 14>, <page 25>, <page 27>, <page 28>, <page 29>, <page 30>, <page 33>, <page 34>, <page 35>, <page 36>, <page 40>, <page 41>, <page 53>, <page 59>, <page 78>, <page 79>, <page 104>, <page 105>, <page 112>, <page 118> n., <page 119>, <page 125>, <page 143>, <page 152>, <page 153>, <page 154>, <page 157>, <page 161>, <page 166>, <page 288>

Set, enemy of Osiris, <page 41>

Set, symbol of darkness, <page 40>

Set-Horus feud, Osirian absorption of, <page 41>

Seti I: king, <page 20>

Shesha, <page 112>

Shesmu, <page 128>

Shu: god, <page 11>, <page 19>, <page 34>, <page 77>, <page 113>, <page 114>, <page 133>, <page 360>

Sky, east of, place of living again, <page 102>

Sky, place of future blessedness, <page 99>

Snefru: king, <page 81>, <page 82>, <page 228>

Social classes, <page 246>

Social conditions, <page 208>

Social ethics, <page 228>

Social forces, <page 199> ff.

Social ideals, <page 212>, <page 214> f.

Social justice, <page 5>, <page 216>, <page 226>, <page 243>, <page 244>, <page 246>, <page 249>, <page 252>, <page 349>, <page 353>, <page 356>

Society, redemption of, <page 215>

Sokar: god, <page 21>, <page 175>

Solar barque, <page 122>, <page 130>, <page 253>, <page 283>

Solar faith, <page 74>, <page 102>, <page 176>, <page 310>, <page 319>, <page 338>, <page 346>

Solar faith: state theology, <page 140>, <page 142>

Solar henotheism, <page 43>

Solar hereafter, <page 139>, <page 145>

Solar monotheism, <page 322>

Solar pantheism, <page 360>

Solar theology, <page 43>, <page 148>, <page 149>, <page 160>, <page 250>, <page 312>, <page 313>, <page 321>, <page 336>, <page 337>

Solar universalism, <page 319>

Solarization of Osiris, <page 250>

"Son of Re": title of kings, <page 15>

Song of mourning, <page 179> f.

Song of the Harper, <page 180> f., <page 185>, <page 191>, <page 194>, <page 250>

Song, palace, <page 17>

Soped: Solar god, <page 74> n.

Sothis, star of Isis, <page 22>, <page 284>

Sovereignty of Re, <page 174>

Speculation among common people, <page 357>

State religion: Solar, <page 285>

Statues, portrait funerary, <page 69>

Status of dead king, <page 120>

Stelae erected at Abydos, <page 285>

Subterranean hereafter, <page 159>-<page 160>, <page 276>, <page 277>, <page 310>, <page 367>

Subterranean journey of the dead, <page 297>

Subterranean kingdom of the dead. <page 37>

Sun as Re, <page 10>

Sun, influence on Egyptian religion, <page 8>

Sun's disk: symbol of Aton, <page 320>

Sun-god, <page 8>, <page 10>, <page 11>, <page 12>, <page 13>, <page 14>, <page 16>, <page 25>, <page 39>, <page 40>, <page 45> n., <page 62>, <page 70>, <page 71>, <page 72>, <page 76>, <page 78>, <page 100>, <page 101>, <page 103>, <page 105>, <page 106>, <page 109>, <page 111>, <page 112>, <page 115>, <page 116>, <page 120>, <page 121>, <page 122>, <page 129>, <page 131>, <page 142>, <page 155>, <page 157>, <page 158>, <page 159>, <page 171>, <page 176>, <page 188>, <page 196>, <page 211>, <page 245>, <page 251>, <page 253>, <page 274>, <page 275>, <page 304>, <page 308>, <page 309>, <page 310>, <page 312>, <page 313>, <page 317>, <page 319>, <page 320>, <page 322>, <page 323>, <page 331>, <page 337>, <page 353>, <page 359>, <page 360>, <page 365>

Sun-god and Osiris, correlation of, <page 39>

Sun-god, identification with, <page 274>

Sun-god supreme, <page 12>

Sun-god's realm, <page 315>

Sun-gods, old local, <page 43>

Sun-hymn, earliest, <page 13>

Sun-hymn used as charm, <page 98>

Suti: architect, <page 315>, <page 326> n.

Symbol of god Aton, <page 320>



TALE of the Eloquent Peasant, <page 228> n., <page 230>, <page 239>, <page 245>, <page 249>, <page 250>

Tale of the Two Brothers, <page 21>, <page 26>, <page 136> n., <page 215>, <page 216>, <page 358> f.

[p. 379]

"Teaching" of Ikhnaton, <page 340>

Tefnut: goddess, <page 11>, <page 19>, <page 77>, <page 114>, <page 133>

Tell el-Amarna, <page 322> f.

Teti: king, <page 57>, <page 59>, <page 85>, <page 106>, <page 114>, <page 123>, <page 133>, <page 137>, <page 138>, <page 142>, <page 147>, <page 154>, <page 155>, <page 158>, <page 178>

Thoth: god, <page 12>, <page 34>, <page 35>, <page 45>, <page 81>, <page 107>, <page 119>, <page 129>, <page 137>, <page 147>, <page 224>, <page 254>, <page 255>, <page 278>, <page 284>, <page 288>, <page 289>, <page 290>, <page 304>, <page 305>, <page 306>

Thutenakht: official, <page 217> ff.

Thutmose I: king, <page 313>

Thutmose III: king, <page 239> n., <page 298>, <page 310>, <page 313>, <page 314>, <page 318>, <page 363>

Thutmose IV: king, <page 239> n.

Tomb, <page 257>

Tomb at Abydos, <page 285>

Tomb-building, <page 258>

Tomb decoration, <page 262>, <page 366>

Tomb: duty of son to provide, <page 63>

Tomb, monumental, <page 62>

Tomb, royal, <page 75>, <page 103>

Tomb, royal, of sacred significance, <page 72>

Tombs, <page 178>, <page 259>, <page 362>

Tombs of First Dynasty, <page 64>

Tombs, restoration of, <page 270>

Tombs: Tell el-Amarna, <page 323>

Translation of king to sky, <page 137> f.

Transmigration of souls, <page 277>

Tree of life, <page 133>

"Triumphant," <page 33>

Troja: quarries, <page 65>, <page 258>

"Truth," <page 166>, <page 225> n., <page 299> n., <page 304>, <page 337>

Tutenkhamon: king, <page 344> f.

Tutu, Amarna hymn of, <page 316> n.

"Two Truths," <page 34>



UNEG: son and body-servant of Re, <page 121>

Unis: king, <page 18>, <page 58>, <page 85>, <page 87>, <page 91>, <page 93>, <page 98>, <page 100>, <page 107>, <page 109>, <page 110>, <page 111>, <page 113>, <page 116>, <page 119>, <page 120>, <page 123>, <page 126>, <page 128>, <page 129>, <page 130>, <page 132>, <page 137>, <page 146>, <page 150>, <page 151>, <page 153>, <page 154>, <page 158>, <page 174>, <page 178>, <page 320>

Unis, king, identified with Nile, <page 18>

Universalism, <page 314>, <page 315>, <page 348>

Universalism, Solar, <page 331>

Unweariable stars, <page 279>

Upwawet: god, <page 32>, <page 145>, <page 259>, <page 260>, <page 264>, <page 266>, <page 270>, <page 288>, <page 289>

Uraeus, <page 110>

Usages of religion, <page 7>

Userkaf: king, <page 68>, <page 167>

Ushebtis: Respondents, <page 295>, <page 340> n.

"Utterances": Pyramid Texts, <page 93>, <page 98>



"VICTORIOUS," <page 33>

Vignettes in Book of Dead, <page 294>

"Vital principle identified with breath, <page 55>

Vizier: vizierate, <page 240>, <page 243>

Vocabulary of Pyramid Texts, <page 90>

Votive offerings, <page 287>

Voyage with Re across the sky, <page 121>



WAG-FEAST, <page 266>

Wealth, <page 357>

Wennofer: Osiris, <page 289>, <page 299>, <page 306>

Weshptah: vizier, <page 66>

"West" the place of dead, <page 100>, <page 101>

Wisdom literature, <page 227> n.

Wisdom of Ptahhotep, <page 216>, <page 226> ff.. <page 240>, <page 245>, <page 246>, <page 252>, <page 339>

World-religion, <page 332>

Woser: vizier, <page 239> n.



YEMEN-KAU, <page 139>



ZAU: name, <page 64>, <page 66>, <page 167>

Zoser: king, <page 182>, <page 184>



Development of Religion and Thought in Ancient Egypt

Main Library