Elixirs and Flavoring Plants

AMERICAN ELIXIRS.

1. ELIXIR ADJUVANS.

Fluid extract of orange peel,....j fluidounces
Fluid extract of coriander,........k fluidounces
Fluid extract of caraway,...........k fluidounces
Fluid extract of wild-cherry bark,1 fluidounces
Fluid extract of licorice root,... 1j fluidounces.
Simple elixir,..............................14 fluidounces
Alcohol, ...................................... fluidounces.
Carbonate of magnesium,....... a sufficient quantity.

Mix the fluid extracts and evaporate them to one-half of their bulk, at a temperature not exceeding 150° F. Triturate the remaining liquid in a capacious mortar with carbonate of magnesium in amount sufficient to form a creamy mixture, then gradually add the simple elixir, stirring well, and filter. Lastly, mix the filtrate with the alcohol.
The ingredients for this elixir were named in the Druggists’ Circular, 1879.
The National Formulary presents a process for making this preparation in which the crude drugs are percolated and the elixir prepared from the percolate.

2. ELIXIR OF BROMIDE OF AMMONIUM.

Bromide of ammonium,............. 640 grains.
Simple elixir,..............................15 fluidounces.
Dissolve the bromide of ammonium in the simple elixir, and filter if necessary.
Each teaspoonful of the finished elixir contains five grains of bromide of ammonium.
The National Formulary directs the addition of thirty grains of citric acid to sixteen fluidounces of this elixir.

3. ELIXIR ALOES.
(COMPOUND TINCTURE OF ALOES.)

Aloes,...............................3 troy ounces
Saffron.............................3 troy ounces
Tincture myrrh,.................. 2 pints.
Reduce the drugs to a coarse powder and macerate in the alcohol for fourteen days, stirring the mixture thoroughly each day; then filter.
(“The New Dispensatory,” London, 1770.)

4. ELIXIR OF VALERIANATE OF AMMONIUM.

Valerianate of ammonium........ 256 grains.
Simple elixir, ammonia water, carmine solution, of each a sufficient quantity.
Dissolve the valerianate of ammonium in twelve fluid ounces of simple elixir, and bring this to the measure of sixteen
fluidounces by the addition of a sufficient amount of simple elixir.
Then cautiously add ammonia water until in slight excess, and color with solution of carmine until decidedly red. Each fluidrachm (teaspoonful) of the finished elixir represents two grains of valerianate of ammonium, the same as that adopted by the American Pharmaceutical Association, 1873.
Valerianate of ammonium, especially if the valerianic acid is in excess, has, to most persons, a very offensive odor. This the addition of the ammonia water tends to subdue, but wherever valerianate of ammonium is free, or in aqueous solution, the odor will remain. If dissolved in officinal alcohol, however, it is scarcely apparent, but such a solution will not conform to our modern “elixir.” The addition of water to the alcoholic solution revives the odor.
The history of this elixir is of interest, since it was among the first of the popular elixirs introduced, and has retained its prestige to the present day. In an essay by Mr. Trovillo H. K. Enos, read before the Maryland College of Pharmacy, 1861, the statement is made that “a preparation known as Pierlot’s solution of valerianate of ammonium has long been used among physicians in Philadelphia; but the disagreeable taste and odor of the solution having been found objectionable to patients, the pharmacists have been led to suggest some mode of disguising both, and presenting the preparation in an agreeable form for administration, without materially altering its effect; and the form of an elixir has been adopted." Mr. Enos then gave his formula, which was as follows:

Valerianic acid,...........................1 fluidrachm.
Simple syrup,............................. 1 fluidounces.
Extract of sweet orange peel,... 2 fluidrachms.
Alcohol,.......................................1 fluidounces.
Orange-flower water,................j fluidounces.
Distilled water, carbonate of ammonium,
............................. of each a sufficient quantity.

Dilute the valerianic acid with one-half fluidounces of water, and neutralize it with the carbonate of ammonium, add the alcohol, having previously mixed it with the fluid extract of orange peel, and then add the other ingredients and filter.
In 1863 Mr. Joseph Roberts accepted a query in the American Pharmaceutical Association, reading as follows: “What is the best formula for Elixir of Valerianate of Ammonium which shall be nearly free from valerianic odor, and elegantly aromatized ?” Having failed to reply, in 1865 Mr. J. Faris Moore gave a formula to the Society which in substance agreed with that of Mr. Enos, the principle being the formation of valerianate of ammonium from valerianic acid, by
saturating it with carbonate of ammonium. At this day valerianate of ammonium is employed instead of the valerianic acid.

SOLUTION OF CARMINE.—This preparation has been used some twelve years by the writer, in preference to any “tincture” of cochineal. The fat in cochineal causes such preparations to putrefy in warm weather; and to extract the fat by means of ether from the powdered cochineal, previous to tincturing, is expensive and tedious.
The term “tincture of cochineal” is scarcely appropriate as applied to the aqueous solutions made of cochineal, cream of tartar, and alum, and, as the object is simply to secure a coloring matter, the term might with equal propriety be applied to our solution of carmine, made as follows:
     Carmine, No. 40,.......................................60 grains.
     Distilled water, glycerin, of each,... ... 4 fluidounces.
     Ammonia water,..............................a sufficient quantity.

Powder the carmine and triturate with the water, gradually adding ammonia water until the carmine disappears and a dark-red liquid, free from insoluble matter, remains. To this add the glycerin, and mix. Should this solution ever become
murky, a little ammonia water will restore its transparency.
Solution of carmine is necessarily alkaline, and cannot be employed to color acid liquids. For all neutral or alkaline solutions it is admirable, and for soda-water syrups is far preferable to aniline red.

5. ELIXIR of VALERIANATE of AMMONIUM with CINCHONIDINE .
(ELIXIR OF VALERIANATE OF AMMONIA WITH CINCHONIDIA.)

Cinchonidine (alkaloid), ............. 128 grains.
Elixir of valerianate of ammonium,
acetic acid,.............................of each a sufficient quantity.

Triturate the cinchonidine in a mortar with acetic acid in amount sufficient to effect its solution, and add to this liquid elixir of valerianate of ammonium until the product measures sixteen fluidounces. If not of acid reaction, add cautiously acetic acid until it will redden blue litmus paper, and filter if necessary.
(All of the combinations of valerianate of ammonium and the alkaloids in elixir form should have an acid reaction. It is, therefore, to be understood, with the formulæ of this character which follow, that in case the elixir is alkaline it must be
acidulated with acetic acid.)
Each fluidrachm (teaspoonful) of the finished elixir contains two grains of valerianate of ammonium, and one grain of
cinchonidine as the acetate of that alkaloid.

6. ELIXIR OF VALERIANATE OF AMMONIUM WITH
CINCHONIDINE AND CINCHONINE.
(ELIXIR OF VALERIANATE OF AMMONIA WITH CINCHONIDIA AND CINCHONIA.)

Elixir of valerianate of ammonium with cinchonidine, ..............8 fluidounces.
Elixir of valerianate of ammonium with cinchonine, .................. 8 fluidounces.
Mix them together.

Each fluidrachm (teaspoonful) of the finished elixir contains two grains of valerianate of ammonium, and a half grain each of cinchonidine and cinchonine as acetates of these alkaloids.

7. ELIXIR OF VALERIANATE OF AMMONIUM WITH
CINCHONIDINE, CINCHONINE, AND STRYCHNINE.
(ELIXIR OF VALERIANATE OF AMMONIA WITH CINCHONIDIA, CINCHONIA,
AND STRYCHNIA. )

Elixir of valerianate of ammonium with cinchonidine,..................8 fluidounces.
Elixir of valerianate of ammonium with cinchonine,..................... 8 fluidounces.
Strychnine,........................................1k grains.
Acetic acid,.................................. a sufficient quantity.

Triturate the strychnine in a mortar with acetic acid in amount sufficient to effect its solution, and add the elixirs, having
previously mixed them together. Filter if necessary.
Each fluidrachm (teaspoonful) of the finished elixir contains two grains of valerianate of ammonium, one-half grain each of cinchonidine and cinchonine, and one hundredth grain of strychnine.
The alkaloids are in form of acetates.

8. ELIXIR OF VALERIANATE OF AMMONIUM WITH
CINCHONIDINE AND PYROPHOSPHATE OF IRON.
(ELIXIR OF VALERIANATE OF AMMONIA WITH CINCHONIDIA AND IRON.)

Elixir of valerianate of ammonium with cinchonidine,............... .8 fluidounces.
Elixir of valerianate of ammonium with pyrophosphate of iron,..8 fluidounces.

Mix them together.
Each fluidrachm (teaspoonful) of the finished elixir contains two grains of valerianate of ammonium, one grain of pyrophosphate of iron, and one-half grain of cinchonidine, the latter in the form of an acetate.

CAUTION.—Excess of acid will cause the pyrophosphate of iron to gelatinize. Excess of alkali precipitates the cinchonidine. The elixir should be made as nearly neutral as possible, and remain transparent, by the use of acetic acid and ammonia water, as indicated by litmus paper.

9. ELIXIR OF VALERIANATE OF AMMONIUM WITH CINCHONIDINE,
PYROPHOSPHATE OF IRON, AND STRYCHNINE.
(ELIXIR of VALERIANATE of AMMONIA, CINCHONIDIA, IRON, AND STRYCHNIA )

Elixir of valerianate of ammonium with cinchonidine, ................8 fluidounces.
Elixir of valerianate of ammonium with pyrophosphate of iron,..8 fluidounces.
Strychnine,........................................1k grains.
Acetic acid,.................................. a sufficient quantity.

Triturate the strychnine in a mortar with acetic acid in amount sufficient to effect its solution, and add this to the elixirs,
having previously mixed them together. Use precautions suggested with elixir of valerianate of ammonium with cinchonidine and pyrophosphate of iron.
Each fluidrachm (teaspoonful) of the finished elixir contains two grains of valerianate of ammonium, one-half grain of
pyrophosphate of iron, one-half grain of cinchonidine, and onehundredth grain of strychnine. The alkaloids exist as acetates.

10. ELIXIR of VALERIANATE of AMMONIUM with CINCHONINE.
(ELIXIR OF VALERIANATE OF AMMONIA WITH CINCHONIA.)

Cinchonine (alkaloid), ............ .... 128 grains.
Elixir of valerianate of Ammonium
diluted acetic acid, ............... of each a sufficient quantity.

Triturate the cinchonine in a mortar with the acetic acid in amount sufficient to effect its solution, and mix with this elixir of valerianate of ammonium until the product measures sixteen fluidounces. If not of acid reaction, add cautiously acetic acid until it will redden litmus paper, and filter if necessary.
Each fluidrachm (teaspoonful) of the finished elixir contains two grains of valerianate of ammonium, and one grain of cinchonine as the acetate of that alkaloid.

11. ELIXIR OF VALERIANATE OF AMMONIUM WITH CINCHONINE
AND PYROPHOSPHATE OF IRON.
(ELIXIR OF VALERIANATE OF AMMONIA, CINCHONIA, AND IRON.)

Elixir of valerianate of ammonium with cinchonine, .............................8 fluidounces
Elixir of valerianate of ammonium with pyrophosphate of iron,..........8 fluidounces

Mix them together. Use precautions suggested with elixir of valerianate of ammonium with cinchonidine and pyrophosphate of iron.

Each fluidrachm (teaspoonful) of the finished elixir contains two grains of valerianate of ammonium, one grain of pyrophosphate of iron, and one-half grain of cinchonine as the acetate of that alkaloid.

12. ELIXIR OF VALERIANATE OF AMMONIUM WITH CINCHONINE,
PYROPHOSPHATE OF IRON, AND STRYCHNINE
(ELIXIR OF VALERIANATE OF AMMONIA, ClNCHONIA, IRON, AND STRYCHNIA.)

Elixir of valerianate of ammo nium with cinchonine and pyrophosphate of iron,..16 fluidounces.
Strychnine,........................................1k grains.
Acetic acid,.................................. a sufficient quantity.

Triturate the strychnine in a mortar with acetic acid in amount sufficient to effect its solution, and then add the elixir of
valerianate of ammonium with cinchonine and pyrophosphate of iron. Observe precautions suggested with elixir of valerianate of ammonium with cinchonidine and pyrophosphate of iron.
Each fluidrachm (teaspoonful) of the finished elixir contains two grains of valerianate of ammonium, one grain of pyrophosphate of iron, one-half grain of cinchonine, and one-hundredth of a grain of strychnine. The alkaloids exist as acetates. This preparation should be as nearly neutral in reaction as it is possible to make it.

13. ELIXIR OF VALERIANATE OF AMMONIUM WITH
CINCHONlNE AND STRYCHNINE.
(ELIXIR OF VALERIANATE OF AMMONIA, CINCHONIA, AND STRYCHNIA.)

Elixir of valerianate of ammonium with cinchonine,.........16 fluidounces.
Strychnine, .......................................1k grains.
Acetic acid,.................................. a sufficient quantity.

Triturate the strychnine in a mortar with acetic acid in sufficient amount to effect its solution, then add the elixir of
valerianate of ammonium with cinchonine, and filter if necessary. If not of acid reaction, acidulate slightly with acetic acid.
Each fluidrachm (teaspoonful) of the finished elixir contains two grains of valerianate of ammonium, one grain of cinchonine, and one-hundredth of a grain of strychnine as the acetate of that alkaloid.

14. ELIXIR OF VALERIANATE OF AMMONIUM WITH
PYROPHOSPHATE OF IRON.
(ELIXIR OF VALERIANATE OF AMMONIA AND IRON.)

Elixir of valerianate of ammonium,8 fluidounces.
" pyrophosphate of iron, .............8 fluidounces.
Mix them together.

Each fluidrachm (teaspoonful) of the finished elixir contains one grain each of valerianate of ammonium and of pyrophosphate of iron. It should have a slightly alkaline reaction.

15. ELIXIR OF VALERIANATE OF AMMONIUM AND QUININE.

Quinine (alkaloid),.......................... 32 grains.
Elixir of valerianate of ammonium,
diluted acetic acid,............... of each a sufficient quantity.

Triturate the quinine in a mortar with a sufficient amount of the acetic acid to effect its solution, then mix the liquid with enough elixir of valerianate of ammonium to produce sixteen fluidounces. If not of acid reaction, add acetic acid until it will change the color of blue litmus paper to red.
Each fluidrachm (teaspoonful) of the finished elixir contains two grains of valerianate of ammonium, and one-fourth grain of quinine as the acetate of that alkaloid.
The National Formulary directs that thirty-two grains of hydrochlorate of quinine be dissolved in sixteen fluidounces of elixir of valerianate of ammonium. Thus each fluidrachm contains one-fourth grain of hydrochlorate of quinine. In former editions of our work we directed that one hundred and twenty-eight grains of quinine be used in making sixteen fluidounces in this elixir, but in the present edition, recognizing the authority of the National Formulary, have adopted the foregoing strength.

16. ELIXIR OF VALERIANATE OF AMMONIUM WITH QUININE
AND CINCHONIDINE
(ELIXIR OF VALERIANATE OF AMMONIA WITH QUINIA AND CINCHONIDIA.)

Elixir of valerianate of ammonium and quinine,............................ 8 fluidounces.
Elixir of valerianate of ammonium and cinchonidine,.................. 8 fluidounces.

Mix them together.

Each fluidrachm (teaspoonful) of the finished elixir contains two grains of valerianate of ammonium, one-half grain of
cinchonidine, and one-eighth grain of quinine, as acetates of these alkaloids.

17. ELIXIR OF VALERIANATE OF AMMONIUM WITH QUININE,
CINCHONIDINE, AND STRYCHNINE.
(ELIXIR OF VALERIANATE OF AMMONIA, QUINIA, CINCHONIDIA, AND STRYCHNIA.)

Strychnine,........................................1k grains.
Elixir of valerianate of ammonium
with quinine and cinchonidine,.......................................
16 fluidounces.
Acetic acid,.................................. a sufficient quantity.

Triturate the strychnine in a mortar with acetic acid in sufficient amount to effect its solution, then mix with the elixir of
valerianate of ammonium with quinine and cinchonidine.
Each fluidrachm (teaspoonful) of the finished elixir contains two grains of valerianate of ammonium, one-half grain of cinchonidine, one-eighth grain of quinine, and one-hundredth of a grain of strychnine. The alkaloids are in the form of acetates.

18. ELIXIR OF VALERIANATE OF AMMONIUM WITH QUININE,
CINCHONIDINE, PYROPHOSPHATE OF IRON, AND STRYCHNINE.
(ELIXIR OF VALERIANATE OF AMMONIA, QUINIA, CINCHONIDIA, IRON, AND STRYCHNIA. )
Elixir of valerianate of ammonium with quinine and pyrophosphate of iron,...................................... 8 fluidounces.
Elixir of valerianate of ammonium with cinchonidine and pyrophosphate of iron,..................8 fluidounces.
Strychnine,........................................1k grains.

Triturate the strychnine in a mortar with acetic acid in sufficient quantity to effect its solution, and add this to the elixirs,
having previously mixed them together; and filter if necessary.
Each fluidrachm (teaspoonful) of the finished elixir contains two grains of valerianate of ammonium, one-fourth grain of cinchonidine, one-eighth grain of quinine, one grain of pyrophosphate of iron, and one-hundredth grain of strychnine. The alkaloids exist as acetates. This elixir should be as nearly neutral as it is possible to make it.

19. ELIXIR OF VALERIANATE OF AMMONIUM WITH
QUININE AND CINCHONINE.
(ELIXIR OF VALERIANATE OF AMMONIA WITH QUINIA AND CINCHONIA.)

Elixir of valerianate of ammonium and quinine,............................ 8 fluidounces.
Elixir of valerianate of ammonium with cinchonine,.................... 8 fluidounces.
Mix them together.

Each fluidrachm (teaspoonful) of the finished elixir contains two grains of valerianate of ammonium, one-half grain of cinchonine, and one-eighth grain of quinine, as acetates of these alkaloids.

20. ELIXIR OF VALERIANATE OF AMMONIUM WITH QUININE,
CINCHONINE, AND STRYCHNINE.
(ELIXIR OF VALERIANATE OF AMMONIA, QUINIA, AND STRYCHNIA.)

Elixir of valerianate of ammonium with quinine and cinchonine,..16 fluidounces.
Strychnine,........................................1k grains.
Acetic acid,.................................. a sufficient quantity.

Triturate the strychnine in a mortar with acetic acid in amount sufficient to effect its solution, and add this to the elixir of valerianate of ammonium with quinine and cinchonine.
Each fluidrachm (teaspoonful) of the finished elixir contains two grains of valerianate of ammonium, one-eighth grain of quinine, one-half grain of cinchonine, and one-hundredth of a grain of strychnine. The alkaloids exist as acetates.

21. ELIXIR OF VALERIANATE OF AMMONIUM WITH QUININE
AND PYROPHOSPHATE OF IRON.
(ELIXIR OF VALERIANATE OF AMMONIA WITH QUINIA AND IRON. )

Elixir of valerianate of ammonium with quinine,...........................8 fluidounces.
Elixir of valerianate of ammonium with pyrophosphate of iron,...8 fluidounces.
Mix them together.

Each fluidrachm (teaspoonful) of the finished elixir contains two grains of valerianate of ammonium, one-half grain of pyrophosphate of iron, and one eighth grain of quinine. Observe the precautions suggested with elixir of valerianate of ammonium with cinchonidine and pyrophosphate of iron.

22. ELIXIR OF VALERIANATE OF AMMONIUM WITH QUININE,
PYROPHOSPHATE OF IRON, AND STRYCHNINE.
(ELIXIR OF VALERIANATE OF AMMONIA, QUINIA, IRON, AND STRYCHNIA.)

Elixir of valerianate of ammonium with quinine and pyrophosphate of iron,..16 fluidounces.
Strychnine, .......................................1k grains.
Acetic acid,.................................. a sufficient quantity.

Triturate the strychnine in a mortar with acetic acid in amount sufficient to effect its solution, and mix this liquid with the
elixir of valerianate of ammonium with quinine and pyrophosphate of iron, and filter if necessary.
Each fluidrachm (teaspoonful) of the finished elixir contains two grains of valerianate of ammonium, one-half grain of
pyrophosphate of iron, one-eighth grain of quinine, and onehundredth of a grain of strychnine, the alkaloids being in the form of acetates. Observe the precautions suggested with elixir of valerianate of ammonium with cinchonidine and pyrophosphate of iron.

23. ELIXIR OF VALERIANATE OF AMMONIUM WITH QUININE
AND STRYCHNINE.

Elixir of valerianate of ammonium and quinine,.............. 16 fluidounces.
Strychnine,........................ 2j grains.
Acetic acid................ a sufficient quantity.

Triturate the strychnine in a mortar with acetic acid in amount sufficient to effect its solution, and mix this liquid with the
elixir of valerianate of ammonium.
Each fluidrachm (teaspoonful) of the finished elixir contains two grains of valerianate of ammonium, one-fourth grain of quinine, and one-fiftieth of a grain of strychnine as an acetate of that alkaloid.

24. ELIXIR OF VALERIANATE OFAMMONIUM WITH STRYCHNINE.

Elixir of valerianate of ammonium,16 fluidounces.
Strychnine,........................................1k grains.
Acetic acid................................... a sufficient quantity.

Triturate the strychnine in a mortar with acetic acid in sufficient amount to effect its solution, and mix this with the elixir of valerianate of ammonium. If not of acid reaction, add enough acetic acid to change blue litmus paper to red.
Each fluidrachm (teaspoonful) of the finished elixir contains two grains of valerianate of ammonium, and one-hundredth of a grain of strychnine as an acetate of that alkaloid.

25. ELIXIR OF VALERIANATE OF AMMONIUM WITH SUMBUL.
(ELIXIR OF VALERIANATE OF AMMONIA WITH MUSK ROOT.)

Fluid extract of sumbul,...........2 fluidounces.
Elixir of valerianate of ammonium, ...........................14 fluidounces
Carbonate of magnesium,....... a sufficient quantity.

Triturate the fluid extract of sumbul in a capacious mortar with carbonate of magnesium in amount sufficient to form a creamy mixture, then gradually add the elixir of valerianate of ammonium, stirring well, and filter.
Each fluidrachm of the finished elixir represents two grains of valerianate of ammonium. and according to this formula each fluidrachm should contain the active principles of seven and one-half minims of fluid extract of sumbul. But, as a matter of fact, that amount will not dissolve in that quantity of the menstruum, the excess remaining in the filter paper.

26. ELIXIR ANTIGLAIREUX.
(ELIXIR FOR GLENORRHEA. LAVOLLEY’S PURGATIVE ELIXIR.
TINCTURA PURGGAS. TINCTURA JALAPÆ COMPOSITAS.)

Jalap,............................................ .8 troyounces.
Turpeth root,.............................. .1 troyounce.
Scammony,.................................2 troyounces.
Diluted alcohol,......................... 96 fluidounces.

Mix the drugs and reduce them to a coarse powder, and macerate this in the diluted alcohol for ten days, stirring the mixture thoroughly each day; then filter.
(American Journal of Pharmacy, 1881.)

27. ELIXIR ANTIGOUTTEUX DE VILLETTE.
(DE VILLETTE’S GOUT ELIXIR.)

Brown cinchona bark, ............. 25 troyounces.
Poppy petals, ..............................12j troyounces.
Sassafras bark, ............................6k troyounces.
Guaiac resin, ..............................12j troyounces.
Jamaica rum, ............................. ..... 62j pints.
Syrup of sarsaparilla, ............... ......... 39 pints

Mix the drugs and reduce them to a coarse powder, and macerate in the previously mixed Jamaica rum and syrup of
sarsaparilla for fourteen days, stirring the mixture thoroughly each day; then filter.
(HAGER.—See New Remedies, 1878.)

28. AROMATIC ELIXIR.

Fluidextract of sweet orange peel,....j fluidounces.
Fluidextract of coriander seed,..........k fluidounces.
Fluidextract of angelica seed,.............k fluidounces.
Simple elixir,..............................16 fluidounces.
Carmine color, carbonate of magnesium,.................................... of each a sufficient quantity.

Mix the fluid extracts and triturate them in a capacious mortar with carbonate of magnesium in amount sufficient to form a creamy mixture, then gradually add the simple elixir, stirring well, and filter.
Lastly, add solution of carmine, enough to give a nice red color.
This elixir is used as a flavor, and may be used instead of simple elixir if desired, as it is acceptable to many persons. The Newark Pharmaceutical Association (1871) recommended a formula on which the above is based.
The National Formulary commends a formula in which aromatic spirits is the base, practically as follows:

Aromatic spirits,........................16 fluidounces.
Syrup and water, of each, ........24 troyounces
Purified talcum,......................... .1 troyounce.

Mix the aromatic spirits with the syrup, then add the water and the purified talcum. Shake well together and agitate occasionally for several days. Finally filter the mixture. This elixir is of the same strength as that recommended by the National Formulary.

29. ELIXIR OF IODIDE OF ARSENIC AND MERCURY.

Solution of iodide of arsenic and mercury
(Donovan’s solution),.. .256 minims.
Simple elixir,..............................a sufficient quantity.

Mix the solution of iodide of arsenic and mercury with enough simple elixir to produce sixteen fluidounces.
Each fluidrachm of the finished elixir contains two minims of solution of iodide of arsenic and mercury. Dose, one fluidrachm (teaspoonful), increased carefully to two or three fluidrachms, if necessary.

30. ELIXIR OF BEEF.

Extract of beef,................................. 256 grains.
Simple elixir,..............................15 fluidounces.
Distilled water,...........................1/2 fluidounces.

Triturate the extract of beef with the water, then gradually add the simple elixir, and filter.
Each fluidrachm (teaspoonful) of the finished elixir contains two grains of extract of beef. This formula was based on one given in the Druggists’ Circular, l878.

31. ELIXIR OF BEEF AND CITRATE OF IRON.
(ELIXIR OF BEEF AND IRON.)

Elixir of beef,...............................16 fluidounces.
Water,..........................................j fluidounces.
Citrate of iron and ammonium,....128 grains.

Dissolve the citrate of iron in the water, add the elixir of beef, and filter if necessary.
Each fluidrachm (teaspoonful) of the finished elixir contains two grains of extract of beef and one grain of citrate of iron.
This preparation is far from permanent. It deposits a precipitate by age, which evidently results from the reaction between the chloride of sodium, present in large amount in the beef extract, and the citrate of iron. The substitution; of chloride of iron for the citrate might prove advantageous. but the demand is for an elixir of beef with citrate of iron.

32. ELIXIR OF BEEF, IRON, AND CINCHONA.

Elixir of beef with citrate of iron,......8 fluidounces.
Elixir of cinchona (alkaloidal),..........8 fluidounces.
Mix them together.

Each fluidrachm (teaspoonful) of the finished elixir contains one grain of extract of beef and represents two grains of officinal calisaya bark.

33. ELIXIR OF BLACK HAW.
(ELIXIR OF VIBURNUM PRUNIFOLIUM.)

Fluid extract of viburnum prunifolium,................................................ 2 fluidounces.
Compound tincture of cardamom, .....l fluidounces.
Simple elixir,.......................................13 fluidounces.

Mix the liquids, allow them to stand a few days, and filter.
Each fluidrachm represents about seven and one-half grains of black haw.




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