Elixirs and Flavoring Plants

ELIXIRS CONTAINING AMMONIO-CITRATE OF BISMUTH

Ammonio-citrate of bismuth is not always entirely soluble in water, owing to the fact that it parts with ammonia and assumes a partially insoluble condition. It is well, therefore, to remember that a little ammonia water will facilitate the complete solution of ammoniocitrate of bismuth, unless the decomposition has proceeded beyond a certain limit.
In consideration of the above fact, elixirs containing excess of acids are incompatible with it, and the same is true of solutions of salts of the mineral acids. However, excess of acetic acid does not decompose it immediately, and salts of acetic acid are compatible with solutions of ammonio-citrate of bismuth, which is one reason why in elixir formulae we use acetic acid in making solutions of alkaloids.
If an elixir containing ammonio-citrate of bismuth in connection with pepsin is not alkaline in reaction, or at least neutral, decomposition of the salt results, followed by precipitation. If it is alkaline, destruction of the pepsin follows.
If an elixir containing ammonio-citrate of bismuth and salts of the alkaloids is alkaline, the alkaloids are likely to precipitate; and if acid, precipitation results from decomposition of the bismuth salt.
These incompatibles can only be associated by carefully avoiding any considerable excess of either acid or alkali. The alkali to be used in order to effect neutralization is ammonia water, and the acid, acetic acid.
We call attention occasionally to the above facts, in connection with special combinations which we are forced to consider, and we trust that the repetition will be excused, as we prefer to repeat rather than omit a word of warning where it may be necessary.

34. ELIXIR OF CITRATE OF AMMONIUM AND BISMUTH.
(ELIXIR OF AMMONIO-CITRATE OF BISMUTH. ELIXIR OF BlSMUTH.)

Ammonio-citrate of bismuth,.... 256 grains.
Simple elixir, ammonia water, of each a sufficient quantity.

Dissolve the ammonio-citrate of bismuth in twelve fluidounces of simple elixir, adding cautiously enough ammonia water to render the solution slightly alkaline, then bring to the measure of sixteen fluidounces by the addition of a sufficient quantity of simple elixir.
Each fluidrachm (teaspoonful) of the finished elixir represents two grains of ammonio citrate of bismuth, and is the same in strength as that adopted by the American Pharmaceutical Association, 1875.
During warm weather the ammonia escapes to a greater or less extent from solutions of ammonio-citrate of bismuth; hence the addition of the ammonia water in order to insure a perfect solution. Should this elixir become cloudy from escape of ammonia, the addition of a little ammonia water will restore its transparency. It is incompatible with acids and salts of the mineral acids. The first formula brought to our attention, for an elixir of bismuth, was by Mr. Wm. C. Bakes in the American Journal of Pharmacy, 1867.

35. ELIXIR OF CITRATE OF AMMONIUM AND BISMUTH WITH PYROPHOSPHATE OF IRON.
(ELIXIR OF AMMONIO-CITRATE OF BISMUTH AND PYROPHOSPHATE OF IRON.
ELIXIR OF BISMUTH AND IRON. ELIXIR OF BISMUTH FERRATED.
ELIXIR OF IRON AND BISMUTH )

Elixir of citrate of ammonium and
bismuth,................................... 8 fluidounces.
Elixir of pyrophosphate of iron,.8 fluidounces.

Mix them together.
Each teaspoonful of the finished elixir contains one grain each of ammonio-citrate of bismuth and of pyrophosphate of iron. This elixir should have an alkaline reaction.

36. ELIXIR OF CITRATE OF AMMONIUM AND BISMUTH
WITH PEPSIN
(ELIXIR OF AMMONIO-CITRATE OF BISMUTH AND PEPSIN.
ELIXIR OF BISMUTH AND PEPSIN. ELIXIR OF PEPSIN AND BISMUTH.)

Elixir of citrate of ammonium and
bismuth,................................... 8 fluidounces.
Elixir of pepsin,..........................8 fluidounces.

Mix them together, and if of acid reaction, cautiously add ammonia water until it is neutral or slightly alkaline.
Each fluidrachm (teaspoonful) of the finished elixir contains one grain each of pepsin and citrate of ammonium and bismuth.
This preparation, we believe, is indebted for its value to the bismuth salt and alcohol. We doubt if the pepsin retains any of its digestive power, and in connection with the subject we direct attention to our remarks concerning pepsin.

37. ELIXIR OF CITRATE OF AMMONIUM AND BISMUTH WITH
PEPSIN AND STRYCHNINE.
(ELIXIR OF AMMONIO-CITRATE OF BISMUTH, PEPSIN, AND STRYCHNIA.
ELIXIR OF PEPSIN, BISMUTH, AND STRYCHNIA.)

Elixir of citrate of ammonium and
bismuth with pepsin,............ 16 fluidounces.
Strychnine,........................................1k grains.
Acetic acid,.................................. a sufficient, quantity.

Triturate the strychnine in a mortar with acetic acid in sufficient amount to effect its solution, and then add the elixir of citrate of ammonium and bismuth with pepsin. If of acid reaction, cautiously add ammonia water until it is neutral or even slightly alkaline.
Each fluidrachm (teaspoonful) of the finished elixir contains one grain each of pepsin and ammonio-citrate of bismuth, and onehundredth grain of strychnine.
The remarks we have made concerning strychnine and pepsin, in their respective positions, will apply with pertinence to this preparation; and although this elixir embraces a mass of pharmaceutical incongruities, it is among the most popular elixirs used by physicians. Were it not for this fact, the combination would not deserve a position.

38. ELIXIR OF CITRATE OF AMMONIUM AND BISMUTH
WITH STRYCHNINE.
(ELIXIR OF AMMONIO-CITRATE OF BlSMUTH AND STRYCHNIA.
ELIXIR OF BlSMUTH AND STRYCHNIA.)

Elixir of citrate of ammonium with
bismuth,................................... 16 fluidounces.
Strychnine,........................................1k grains.
Acetic acid,.................................. a sufficient quantity.

Triturate the strychnine in a mortar, cautiously adding acetic acid until the alkaloid is dissolved, then add the elixir of citrate of ammonium with bismuth.
Each fluidrachm (teaspoonful) of the finished elixir contains two grains of citrate of ammonium and bismuth, and about onehundredth of a grain of strychnine as the acetate of that alkaloid.
Strychnine is incompatible with alkaline solutions, and if a precipitate should occur while the elixir has an alkaline reaction, care must be taken that this precipitate is thoroughly mixed with the liquid before each dose is administered, inasmuch as the ammonio-citrate of bismuth is incompatible with an acid, this elixir must have an alkaline or at least a neutral reaction. However, although one and one-fourth grains of strychnine refuse to dissolve in sixteen fluidounces of water, it seems that the menstruum composing this elixir has the property of holding in solution the strychnine, even though it (the elixir) is alkaline, and thus the general incompatibility of the constituents is overcome.

39. BITTER ELIXIR.
(ELIXIR AMARUM.)

Extract of buck-bean,................. 2 troyounces.
Extract of orange peel,...............2 troyounces.
Dissolve them in a mixture of—
Diluted alcohol,......................... 16 troyounces.
Peppermint water,.....................16 troyounces.
And add of—
Spirit of ether (Hoffman’s anodyne), 1 troyounce.

This formula is that of the German Pharmacopoeia, 1872.

40. ELIXIR OF BLACKBERRY.

Fluid extract of blackberry,.......2 fluidounces.
Simple elixir,..............................14 fluidounces.
Alcohol,.......................................j fluidounces.
Carbonate of magnesium,....... a sufficient quantity.

Triturate the fluid extract of blackberry in a capacious mortar with carbonate of magnesium in amount sufficient to form a creamy mixture, then gradually add the simple elixir, stirring well, and filter.
Each fluidrachm of the finished elixir represents seven and one half minims of fluid extract of blackberry. A formula for this elixir, containing blackberry root, cinnamon, and cloves, was suggested in the Druggists’ Circular, 1880.

41. ELIXIR OF BOLDO.

Fluid extract of boldo, ..............4 fluidounces
Simple elixir,..............................12 fluidounces
Alcohol,.......................................2 fluidounces
Carbonate of magnesium,....... a sufficient quantity.

Triturate the fluid extract of boldo with carbonate of magnesium sufficient to produce a creamy mixture, then gradually add the simple elixir, filter, and add the alcohol.
Verne recommended an elixir of boldo in the Pharmaceutical Journal and Transactions, but, as the virtues of boldo are imperfectly extracted by an aqueous liquid, we do not admire such a preparation.
According to this formula each fluidrachm should contain the active principles of seven and one-half minims of fluid extract of boldo. But, as a matter of fact, that amount will not dissolve in that quantity of the menstruum, the excess remaining in the filter paper.

42. ELIXIR OF BRANDY.

Nutmegs,........................................... 40 grains.
Cardamom,....................................... 60 grains.
Rhubarb,............................................ 60 grains.
Lavender flowers,............................ 60 grains.
Cinnamon,........................................ 60 grains.
Ginger,......................................... ...... 60 grains.
Powdered extract of licorice,........ 360 grains.
Brandy,.........................................16 fluidounces.
Water,.......................................... 8 fluidounces.

Mix the drugs and reduce them to a coarse powder, and macerate this in the mixed brandy and water for fourteen days, stirring the mixture thoroughly each day; then filter. It may also be prepared by percolation.
This elixir was once sold as a proprietary remedy, under the name “Dr. Butler’s Elixir of Brandy.” We are informed, however, by a writer in the Druggists’ Circular (1858), that Dr. Butler was a “fictitious character,” coined by a couple of young men who made a sale for “Dr. Butler’s Medicines.”

43. ELIXIR OF BUCHU.

Fluid extract of buchu,..............2 fluidounces.
Simple elixir,..............................16 fluidounces.
Carbonate of magnesium,....... a sufficient quantity.

Triturate the fluid extract of buchu with carbonate of magnesium in sufficient amount to form a creamy mixture, then gradually add the simple elixir, and filter.
According to this formula each fluidrachm should contain the active principles of seven and one-half minims of fluid extract of buchu. But, as a matter of fact, that amount will not dissolve in that quantity of the menstruum, the excess remaining in the filter paper. In our opinion, fluid extract of buchu should be made with alcohol of the specific gravity 0.820, and the addition of water lessens its value as a menstruum for extracting buchu and retaining its desirable principles, in proportion to the amount of water added. Hence it is that the elixir of buchu is inferior to an equivalent amount of the fluid extract of buchu used in making it, providing the fluid extract was reputable.

4 1. COMPOUND ELIXIR OF BUCHU.

Compound fluidextract of buchu, 4 fluidounces.
Simple elixir,..............................16 fluidounces.
Carbonate of magnesium,....... a sufficient quantity.

Triturate the compound fluid extract of buchu with carbonate of magnesium in sufficient amount to form a creamy mixture, then gradually add the simple elixir, and filter.
This elixir is similar to that commended by the National Formulary, and is of the same strength.

45. ELIXIR OF BUCKTHORN.
(ELIXIR OF FRANGULA.)

Fluid extract of frangula,..........4 fluidounces.
Alcohol,.......................................1 fluidounces.
Simple elixir,..............................14 fluidounces.
Carbonate of magnesium,....... a sufficient quantity.

Triturate the fluid extract in enough magnesium carbonate to form a creamy mixture, then add the simple elixir, and filter. Each fluidrachm represents fifteen grains of buckthorn.

46. ELIXIR OF CAFFEINE.

Caffeine,........................................... 128 grains.
Dilute hydrobromic acid, U. S. P. .32 grains.
Syrup of coffee,...........................4 fluidounces.
Simple elixir, enough to make,16 fluidounces.

Triturate the caffeine in a mortar with the dilute hydrobromic acid and sufficient simple elixir to dissolve it, then add the syrup, and lastly enough simple elixir to make sixteen fluidounces. This formula is similar to the one commended by the National Formulary, and is of the same strength.

47. ELIXIR OF BROMIDE OF CALCIUM.

Bromide of calcium,................. .... 640 grains.
Simple elixir,..............................15.5 fluidounces.

Dissolve the bromide of calcium in the simple elixir, and filter if necessary.
Each fluidrachm (teaspoonful) of the finished elixir contains five grains of bromide of calcium. This proportion was recommended by Robert W. Gardner, 1880.

ELIXIR OF IODO-BROMIDE OF CALCIUM.

This is private property. Under the above name a preparation has been introduced and extensively advertised, and through courtesy to the proprietors we refrain from interfering.

48. ELIXIR OF HYPOPHOSPHITE OF CALCIUM.

Hypophosphite of calcium,......... 256 grains.
Citric acid,.......................................... 30 grains.
Simple elixir,....................enough to make l 6 fluidounces.

Dissolve the hypophosphite of calcium in the simple elixir, add the citric acid, and filter. Each fluidrachm contains two grains of hypophosphite of calcium.

49. ELIXIR OF LACTOPHOSPHATE OF CALCIUM.

Lactophosphate of calcium,......... 128 grains.
Simple elixir,..............................16 fluidounces.
Lactic acid, syrupy,.....................1 fluidrachm.

Mix the simple elixir with the lactic acid, and dissolve therein the lactophosphate of calcium, and filter. Each fluidrachm of the finished elixir contains one grain of lactophosphate of calcium. This elixir corresponds in strength to that of previous editions of our work, and also to that of the National Formulary. In our opinion, the process commended herein is preferable to the others, and the product is practically identical. The substance sold in commerce by chemical
manufacturers under the name lacto-phosphate of calcium, although not a definite salt, is probably as effective therapeutically as the pharmaceutical preparation made by dissolving either phosphate of calcium in lactic acid, or lactate of calcium in phosphoric acid.

50. ELIXIR OF MONO-BROMATED CAMPHOR.

Mono-bromated camphor,.......... 128 grains.
Simple elixir,..............................15 fluidounces.
Alcohol,.......................................1 fluidounces.

Dissolve the mono-bromated camphor in the alcohol, and stir this solution slowly in the simple elixir.
Each fluidrachm (teaspoonful) of the finished elixir contains one grain of mono-bromated camphor. Mr. T. Mundy, of Paris, has recommended an elixir of mono-bromated camphor containing nine grains in fifteen fluidrachms, but the amount of alcohol is very great.
However, as alcohol is the best common solvent for this substance, we prefer a simple alcoholic solution to an elixir, as the water present in the elixir favors precipitation.

51. ELIXIR CAMPHOR MONO-BROMATED, COMPOUND.

Butyl chloral,..........................................3 grains.
Essence of cinnamon,................1j drachms.
Dissolve the butyl chloral in the essence of cinnamon,and add—
Tincture of gelsemium,........... ...10 minims.
Simple (red) elixir,.................... 1j fluidrachms.
Simple syrup, a sufficient quantity to make.....1 fluidounces.

Then triturate two grains of mono-bromated camphor and dissolve in the above liquid.
According to the Pharmaceutical Journal and Transactions, this elixir is often prescribed in Paris.
Each fluidrachm contains about one-third grain of butyl chloral, one minim of tincture of gelsemium, and one-fourth grain of mono-bromated camphor.

52. COMPOUND CATHARTIC ELIXIR.

Simple elixir,..............................14 fluidounces.
Fluid extract of rhubarb,...........2 fluidounces.
Sulphate of magnesium,......... 2 troyounces.
Carbonate of magnesium,....... a sufficient quantity.

Triturate the fluid extract of rhubarb in a capacious mortar with carbonate of magnesium in amount sufficient to form a creamy mixture, then gradually add the simple elixir, having previously dissolved in it the magnesium sulphate; stir well, and filter.
Each fluidrachm of the finished elixir represents seven and one-half minims of fluid extract of rhubarb, and contains seven and one-half grains of magnesium sulphate.
In the year 1876 an anonymous correspondent furnished the Druggists’ Circular with a mixture for making the above elixir. It was much more complex and presented no advantages over our formula.
The National Formulary makes this elixir of a mixture of senega, podophyllum, leptandra, jalap, and Rochelle salt. It is an imperfect pharmaceutical preparation.

53. COMPOUND ELIXIR OF CELERY.

Take of fluid extracts of celery, coca, kola, and black haw bark, of each one fluidounces. Mix the fluid extracts, add two fluidounces of alcohol and enough simple elixir to make sixteen fluidounces. After standing a few days, with occasional agitation, filter the mixture. This elixir is of the same strength as that of the compound elixir of celery of the National Formulary. It deposits a sediment and is not a perfect preparation.

54. ELIXIR OF WILD CHERRY.

Fluid extract of wild cherry,.... 2 fluidounces.
Simple elixir,..............................14 fluidounces.
Alcohol,....................................... fluidounces.
Carbonate of magnesium, . a sufficient quantity.

Triturate the fluid extract of wild cherry in a capacious mortar with carbonate of magnesium in amount sufficient to form a creamy mixture, then gradually add the simple elixir, stirring well, and filter.
Lastly, mix the filtrate with the alcohol.
Each fluidrachm of the finished elixir will contain the medicinal principles of seven and one-half grains of wild- cherry bark.

55. ELIXIR OF WILD CHERRY WITH CHLORIDE OF IRON
AND CITRATE OF AMMONIUM.
(ELIXIR OF WILD CHERRY AND CHLORIDE OF IRON.
FERRATED ELIXIR OF WILD CHERRY. )

Elixir of wild cherry,................. 16 fluidounces.
Tincture of chloride of iron,... fluidounces.
Solution of citrate of ammonium, fluidounces.

Mix the tincture of chloride of iron with the solution of citrate of ammonium, and add this to the elixir of wild cherry.
Each fluidrachm (teaspoonful) of the finished elixir contains seven and one-half minims of fluid extract of wild cherry, and about two minims of tincture of chloride of iron.
This formula is based upon Mr. J. Creuse’s experiments with “tasteless chloride of iron,” and to him we are indebted for the improved process (citrate of ammonium mixed with chloride of iron) for associating iron with vegetable astringents. Should the foregoing produce an inky liquid, increase the amount of solution of citrate of ammonium. Since fluid extracts vary, the proportion of our formula is sometimes incorrect.

56. ELIXIR OF HYDRATE OF CHLORAL.
(ELIXIR OF CHLORAL.)

Chloral hydrate,............................. 640 grains.
Simple elixir,..............................15 fluidounces.

Dissolve the chloral hydrate in the simple elixir, and filter if necessary.
Each fluidrachm (teaspoonful) of the finished elixir contains five grains of hydrate of chloral, which is one-half the amount present in syrup of chloral of the British Pharmacopoeia.

57. ELIXIR OF CIMICIFUGA.
(ELIXIR OF MACROTYS. )

Fluid extract of cimicifuga,......2 fluidounces.
Simple elixir,..............................14 fluidounces.
Alcohol,....................................... fluidounces.
Carbonate of magnesium,....... a sufficient quantity.

Triturate the fluid extract of cimicifuga in a capacious mortar with carbonate of magnesium in amount sufficient to form a creamy mixture, then gradually add the simple elixir, stirring well, and filter.
Lastly, mix the filtrate with the alcohol.
Each fluidrachm of the finished elixir should contain seven and one-half minims of fluid extract of cimicifuga. But, as a matter of fact, that amount will not dissolve in that quantity of the menstruum, the excess remaining in the filter paper. The remarks we make concerning elixir of grindelia robusta apply with equal pertinence to this.

58. COMPOUND ELIXIR OF CIMICIFUGA.
(COMPOUND ELIXIR OF MACROTYS. COMPOUND ELIXIR OF BLACK COHOSH.)

Fluid extract of cimicifuga,......4 fluidounces.
Fluid extract of wild-cherry bark,2 fluidounces.
Fluid extract of licorice,............1 fluidounces.
Fluid extract of senega,.............1 fluidounces.
Fluid extract of ipecac,.............. fluidounces.
Simple elixir,..............................13 fluidounces.
Carbonate of magnesium,....... a sufficient quantity.

Mix the fluid extracts together and evaporate the mixture to three fluidounces. Triturate this in a capacious mortar, with carbonate of magnesium in amount sufficient to form a creamy mixture, then gradually add the simple elixir, stirring well, and filter.
Each fluidrachm of the finished elixir represents (subject to remarks concerning elixir of cimicifuga) fifteen minims of fluid extract of cimicifuga, together with seven and one half minims of fluid extract of wild-cherry bark, about four minims each of fluid extract of licorice and senega, and nearly two minims of fluid extract of ipecac.

59. CLAUDER’S ELIXIR

Carbonate of potassium,.......... .1 troyounce.
Chloride of ammonium,..........1 troyounce.
Elder-flower water,...........................1 pints.
Dissolve and add—
Aloes,........................................... .1 troyounce.
Myrrh,...........................................1 troyounce.
Saffron,........................................ ....2 drachms.
Macerate for twenty-four hours, and filter.—Pideret.

60. ELIXIR OF COCA.
Fluid extract of coca,..................2 fluidounces.
Simple elixir,..............................14 fluidounces.
Alcohol,....................................... fluidounces.
Carbonate of magnesium,....... a sufficient quantity.

Triturate the fluid extract of coca in a capacious mortar with carbonate of magnesium in amount sufficient to form a creamy mixture, then gradually add the simple elixir, stirring well, and filter.
Lastly, mix the filtrate with the alcohol.
Each fluidrachm of the finished elixir represents seven and one-half minims of fluid extract of coca.

61. ELIXIR OF COCA AND GUARANA.

Fluid extract of coca,..................2 fluidounces.
Fluid extract of guarana,.......... 2 fluidounces.
Purified talcum,......................... .... 240 grains.
Simple elixir,..............................12 fluidounces.

Triturate the mixed fluid extracts with the purified talcum, gradually add the simple elixir, shaking well together, and agitate occasionally for twenty-four hours, then filter.
Each fluidrachm represents seven and one-half grains each of coca and guarana.

62. ELIXIR OF COLUMBO.

Fluid extract of columbo,.........2 fluidounces.
Simple elixir,..............................14 fluidounces.
Carbonate of magnesium,....... a sufficient quantity.

Triturate the fluid extract of columbo in a capacious mortar with carbonate of magnesium in amount sufficient to form a creamy mixture, then gradually add the simple elixir, stirring well, and filter.
Each fluidrachm of the finished elixir represents seven and one-half minims of fluid extract of columbo.

63. ELIXIR OF COLUMBO, CITRATE OF IRON, AND RHUBARB.
(ELIXIR OF COLUMBO, IRON, AND RHUBARB.)

Citrate of iron,............................ troyounce.
Solid extract of columbo,......... troyounce.
Solid extract of rhubarb,........... troyounce.
Distilled water,...........................4 fluidounces.
Brandy,.........................................4 fluidounces.
Simple elixir,..............................4 fluidounces.

Dissolve the citrate of iron in the distilled water and triturate the solid extracts with this liquid until they are dissolved. Filter the solution and mix the filtrate with the brandy and simple elixir.
This mixture was given through the Druggists’ Circular, 1873, by Mr. W. Turpin Swentsell.

64. COMPOUND ELIXIR OF CORYDALIS.

Fluid extract of corydalis,.........1 fluidounces.
Fluid extract of stillingia,.........1 fluidounces.
Fluid extract of prickly-ash berries, fluidounces.
Fluid extract of blue flag-root,.. fluidounces.
Alcohol,.......................................2 fluidounces.
Iodide of potassium,................. .... 384 grains.
Simple elixir, carbonate of magnesium,.................................. of each a sufficient quantity.

Triturate the mixed fluid extracts in a capacious mortar with carbonate of magnesium in amount sufficient to form a creamy mixture, then gradually add simple elixir enough to produce sixteen fluidounces, stirring well, and filter. Lastly, mix the filtrate with the alcohol, and dissolve the iodide of potassium in the liquid.
Each fluidrachm of the finished elixir represents the proportion which the menstruum will dissolve of about four minims
each of fluid extract of corydalis and of stillingia, about two minims of fluid extract of prickly-ash berries, and two minims of fluid extract of blue flag-root; together with three grains of iodide of potassium.
We have little faith in the power of the above menstruum to dissolve the desirable principles of the drugs, corydalis, perhaps, excepted; but the elixir may be therapeutically worthy, since iodide of potassium alone is valuable.
The above formula is nearly identical with that offered by the joint committee of the National College of Pharmacy and the Medical Society of the District of Columbia.

65. ELIXIR o@ COTO.

Fluid extract of coto,..................2 fluidounces.
Simple elixir,..............................16 fluidounces
Carbonate of magnesium,....... a sufficient quantity.

Triturate the fluid extract of coto with magnesium carbonate until a creamy mixture results, then gradually add the simple elixir, and filter. Each fluidrachm of this elixir represents such an amount of seven and one-half grains of coto as will dissolve in the liquid.

66. COMPOUND ELIXIR OF CHLOROFORM.
(CHLOROFORM PAREGORIC OF DR. HARTSHORNE.)

Chloroform,................................1 fluidounces.
Tincture of opium,....................1 fluidounces.
Tincture of camphor,................1 fluidounces.
Aromatic spirit of ammonia,..1 fluidounces.
Best brandy,.................................2 fluidounces.

Mix together. Each fluidrachm of the finished elixir contains eleven and one-fourth minims of each of the medicinal ingredients. It should be dispensed cautiously.
This preparation was originally used under the name “chloroform paregoric of Dr. Hartshorne,” and the formula was
published in the book of formulæ issued in 1867 by the joint committee of the Medical and Pharmaceutical Associations of the District of Columbia. In former editions of our work this compound was entitled “Elixir of Chloroform.”

67. ELIXIR CHLOROFORMIQUE OF BOUCHUT.
(BOUCHUT’S ELIXIR OF CHLOROFORM.)

Chloroform,.....................................8 minims.
Alcohol,..........................................64 minims.
Simple elixir,.............................. .225 minims.

Mix in the order given. Each fluidrachm of the finished elixir contains one and three-fifths of a minim of chloroform.
(Proceedings of the American Pharmaceutical Association, 1862.)

68. COMPOUND ELIXIR OF CRAMP BARK.
(COMPOUND ELIXIR OF VIBURNUM OPULUS.)

Fluid extract of cramp bark,.....1 fluidounces.
Fluid extract of beth root,.........2 fluidounces.
Fluid extract of aletris,..............1 fluidounces.
Compound elixir of taraxacum,11 fluidounces.

Mix them and allow the mixture to stand a few days, and then filter.

69. ELIXIR OF CROTON.

Croton chloral hydrate,................ 128 grains.
Distilled water,...........................2 fluidounces.
Simple elixir,..............................14 fluidounces.

Dissolve the croton chloral hydrate in the water, and add the simple elixir (Druggists’ Circular, 1875). Each fluidrachm (teaspoonful) of the finished elixir contains one grain of croton chloral hydrate.





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