INDEX.

Adonis, 143, 172.
Adonis, Gardens of, 172.
Ambrosia (amrita), 162–165, 170.
Apollo and Python, 64.
Apple-tree, 132, 134, n. 1.
Apples of Idhunna, 168.
— Golden, 158, 166.
Armorial Bearings, 66, 138.
Ashêrim, 143, 144, 233.
Assyrian Symbols, 26, 30, 78, 80, 94, 98, 100, 114, 120, 121, 123, 129, 133, 134, 144–148, 151, 152, 154, 200, 211-215, 217–219, 230, 252.
Aureole, 222, 223, 267.
Axe and Drum, merging of the symbols, 178.

Bellerophon and the Chimera, 86.
Béthyles (Bethels), 91, 92, 137, 184–187, 199, 229; V. also Sacred Cone.
Birds as Symbols, 91, 92, 95, 98, 111, 114, 115, 137, 160, 163, 165, 204, 205, 215, 216.
— v. sub. nn.
Boar, Wild, The, 55.
Bo-tree, The, 163 n. 1, 249, 256.
Bull (Winged), 100.
Bull's Head (Bucrane), 96.

Caduceus, 56, 85, 96, 199, 225–237, 244, 245, 249, 250, 253.
Candelabrum, 113, 122 n. 1, 138.
Cedar, The, 141, 146, 172.
Celestial Hand, v. Hand.
Centaurs, Origin of the name, 163.
Chakra, 240, 243, 249.
Chaldæan Symbols, 14, 19, 27, 33, 80, 86, 87, 94, 97, 119, 120–122, 131, 133, 143, 144, 155–158, 160, 212, 215.
Cherub, v. Kerubim.
Chimæra, Origin in art of the, 24.
— a Solar Symbol, 86.
Chrism, 138, 179, 180.
Christian Symbols, 35, 38, 39, 53, 87–89, 90, 94, 127, 128, 131, 137, 138, 190, 194 n. 1, 223.
— — Pagan influence on, 53, 66, 87–89, 94, 127, 128, 131, 137, 138, 190, 194 n. 1, 223.
Circuit, Sacred, 67.
Clover, The Four-leaved, 42 n. 4.
Cock, The, 58, 138, 180.
— A Solar Symbol, 58, 180.
Coins aiding the transference of Symbols, 18, et pass.
Column, Symbolic, 106–114.
— — merges with Tree
and Candelabrum, 122 n. 1.
p. 274
Cone, Sacred, 91, 92, 112, 137, 142, 185–187, 189, 191–196, 197–199, 200, 211, 227, 228.
Cornucopia, 56, 249.
Crescent, The, 12, 53, 71, 102, 119, 182, 183, 187, 197, 227, 230, 236, 241, 265.
Cross, The, 12, 13, 16, 33, 45–47, 49, 53, 60, 65, 66, 69, 70, 85, 103–105, 109, 110, 113, 114, 116, 137, 203, 214, 265, 266.
— a Weather Symbol, 13, 46, 49, 130.
— Equilateral, 12–14, 53, 60, 65, 66, 69–71.
— Gibbet (or Tau), 16, 45, 190.
— Hieroglyphic, 15.
— Pattée, 33.
— Sign of the, 46, 47.
Crux Ansata, 16, 82, 90, 155, 180, 187–191, 193–195, 199, 202, 203, 266.
— — Meaning of, 188.
— — marks zone of Egypto-Babylonian culture, 82.
Cypress, 142, 172.

Damietta stone, The, 15.
Disk, Lunar, 187, 193, 197.
— Solar, 12, 14, 26, 51, 53, 54, 56, 57, 59, 61–63, 65–67, 71, 81, 82, 179, 183, 187, 197, 203, 204–224, 226, 232–234, 242–244, 248, 250, 252, 256.
Deasil, v. Circuit.
Dordj, v. Thunderbolt.
Dove, in Symbols, The, 91–93, 126, 138, 165.
Dragon, The, 86, 129, 136, 180, 166, 167.
Drum, merging with Axe in Symbol, 178.

Eagle, The, 17, 21–25, 58, 80, 90, 98, 165, 167.
— Double-headed, 21–25.
— and Serpent, 17.
Easter-eve, Superstition concerning, 64.
Eau-de-Vie, 153, 154, 162, 163, 165, 169, 173.
Eden, Garden of, 152, 153, 159.
Egyptian Symbols, 19, 20, 24, 28, 29, 80, 82, 85, 95, 180, 187–189, 190, 191, 196, 204–218, 246.
Eleusis, Mysteries of, 2 pref.
Elixir of Life, v. Water of Life and Tree of Life.
Evil eye, charm against the, 19, 141.

Fetiche, 19, 20, 268, 269.
Fig-tree, The, 134, 162.
Fir-cone as Symbol, The, 103, 104, 107–111, 113, 146–151.
Fleur-de-Lys, 121, 259.
Flowers, Symbolic, 150, 151, 155, 172, 179, 189.
Footprints as Symbol, p. 63.
Form, Human, influence on Symbols of the, 102, 192–194, 198, 213, 217.
Fountain of Youth, v. Water of Life.
Fylfot, The, v. Gammadion.

Gammadion, The, 32–82, 180, 182, 220.
— Solar and Astronomical Symbol, 52–72.
— Birthplace of, 72–82.
— Interpretations of, 44–72.
— Characterizes zone of Greek civilization, 82.
Gandharva, personification of Wind, 163.
Genii, Eagle-headed, 122, 129, 146.
p. 275
Genii, Winged, 94, 95, 145, 146–151, 164, 213, 219.
George, St., connection with Solar Symbolism, 86.
Geryon, The Triple, Egyptian origin of, 24.
Globe, Winged, 135, 186, 187, 204–224, 225, 226, 230, 231-236, 246, 251, 257, 258.
Glory, v. Aureole.
Goat, The, a Solar Symbol, 204.
Greek art, Phœnician influence on, 33, 34, 220, 221.
Greek Symbols, 14, 23, 24, 34, 35, 50, 55, 56, 63, 85, 87, 98, 100, 125, 137, 165, 166, 182, 192–194, 221, 222.
Griffin, The, meaning of, 128 n. 2.

Hammer, 15, 16, 45, 98.
— double-headed, 16, 45, 98, 266.
Hand, The, of Justice, 27.
— Symbol of Divinity, 26.
— — Semitic origin, 26-28.
Hawk, The, Solar Symbol, 98, 205, 216.
Heraldry, supporters in, 138–139.
Hercules and Geryon, 24.
— and Hesperides, 158, 166.
— — connection with the Chaldæan myth, 158.
Hindu Symbols, 14, 17, 20, 24, 28, 42, 50, 51, 56, 60–63, 67, 68 n. 1, 80, 87, 98, 99, 124, 161, 223, 224, 225, 227, 236–260.
Hittite Civilization, Nature of the, 201.
— Symbols, 21, 23, 40, 78, 135, 197, 200, 201, 211, 212, 231, 233.
Horns, Assyrian sign of Divinity, 133, 212, 213.
Horns on Sacred Disk, 197, 203, 205, 212, 213, 219, 230, 231.
— in Sacred Tree, 133, 141.
Horse, The, A Solar Symbol, 55, 58.
Horus, A Solar Symbol, 85, 86, 205, 252.

Indian Symbols, 20, 24, 28, 30, 40, 41, 56, 60–63, 79, 80, 82, 87, 98, 99, 114, 123, 124, 135, 136, 161, 162, 163, 178, 179, 194, 195, 223, 224, 236–260.

Jeminsul, The, 106, 107, 112, 114.

Kerubim, 152, 153.
Key of Life, The, v. crux ansata.

Labarum, Assyrian prototypes of the, 230; a combination of sun-worship and Christianity, 265.
Lily, The, 102.
Lion, The, 58, 87, 88, 96, 122, 123, 126, 128, 134, 138, 139, 180, 181.
Lotus, The, 28, 30, 36, 102, 123, 124, 129, 154, 155, 176, 179, 189, 190, 219, 220, 241, 246, 252, 256, 261.
— Solar Symbol, 28.
— Symbol of Immortality, 29–31, 154.

Maypole, The, A Phallic Emblem, 112, 143.
Mediæval Art, Pagan Influence on, 87, 88, 89, 138.
Meander, The, 46, 83.
Mountain of the World, The, 156.
Myth, The, Definition of, 6 pref.
p. 276
Nandyavarta, v. Gammadion.
Nava-ratna, Hindu origin of the, 136.

Oak, The, 139, 141, 168, 173.
Olive, The, 132.
Omphalos, 55, 90, 91, 137, also v. sub. Bethel and Sacred Cone.
Ouan v. Gammadion.

Paganism, Fusion with Christian Dogma, 16 n. 4.
— Influence on Christian Art, v. sub. Christian Symbols.
Palm, The, 120, 131, 134, 241, 145–50, 151, 153, 159, 273.
— Inflorescence of; 145–151.
Pan, Solar Character of, 64.
Peacock, The, 111, 115, 138.
Perron (Peron), 103–117.
— origin and meaning of, 105.
Persian Art, Egyptian Influence on, 219.
Persian Symbols, 14, 24, 30, 31, So, 81, 82, 94, 100, 123, 127, 151, 164, 182, 218, 219.
— Absence of Gammadion from, 80–82.
— Assyrian origin of; 30, 94, 100, 123, 151, 218.
— Influence on Byzantine Art, 127.
— Influence on Indian Art, 248–249.
Phallic Emblems, 12, 107, 208, 109, 112, 134, 151, 187, 189, 241, 252–253.
Phœnician Symbols, 16, 24, 30, 71, 80, 91, 123–125, 151, 155, 178, 185–187, 190, 191, 197, 202, 206–210, 219, 221, 227, 228, 231, 233.
Phoenix, a Solar Symbol, 95.
— Symbol of Imperial Apotheosis at Rome, 95.
— Symbol of Christian Resurrection, 95.
Phrygian Symbols, 78, 134.
Pillar of the World, The, v. Irminsul.
Pine, The, 108, 141, 142, 146, 172.
Polytheism, Origin of, 19.
Pomegranate, The, 120, 241, 151, 154.
— Emblem of fertility, 154.
Pyr (of Augsburg), The, 109–110.

Rain, The Sap of the World-Tree, 174.
Ram, The, a Solar Symbol, 204. 
— 94, 142, 229 n. 2.
River of Life, The, 174.
Rosette, The, a Solar Symbol, 62, 150, 179, 213, 244, 252.
Rouelle, The, 179, 214.

Sagittarius, Assyrian origin of, 100.
Scarab, 19, 29, 204, 205, 214–216, 224, 230, 251.
Serpent, 17, 85, 95, 96, 115, 129, 132, 133, 258, 168, 205 et seq., 226, 245, 252, 254, 266.
Solar Disk, v. Disk.
Solar Steps, The Three, 64, 65.
— Symbolism v. Sun.
Star, Cuneiform, 200, 203, 216.
Sun, Symbols of, v. sub. Apollo, Chimæra, Cock, Disk, Eagle, Gammadion, Globe, Goat, Hawk, Hercules, Horse, Horns, Lotus, Phoenix, Pan, Ram, Rosette, Scarab, Triscèle, Wheel.
Swastika, v. Gammadion.
p. 277
Table of Offerings, Egyptian, 196.
Tau, v. Gibbet-Cross.
Temple, Monetary Type of, 93, 101, 102.
Tetrascèle, v. Gammadion.
Thor, Hammer of; v. Hammer.
Thunderbolt, The, 38, 56, 97-100, 178, 220, 221, 230, 241, 249, 258, 261.
— Origin in the Double Trident, 97–100.
Thyrsus, 208, 114.
Tree, The Calendar, 160.
— Cosmic, 60, 61, 114, 155–158, 261, 163, 167, 168, 171, 266.
— Sacred, 118–176, 178, 201, 203, 210, 230, 233, 234, 239, 258.
— of Knowledge, 158, 159, 161–164, 176, 255, 266.
— of Life, 94, 114, 124, 151–153, 161, 170, 171–174, 176.
— of Plenty, 16, 168 n. 2.
— of Temptation, 131, 152, 158, 176.
Tree, a Symbol of (1) Death, 172; (2) Life, 12, 172.
— Worship of the, 140.
Triangle, Sacred, The, 12, 26, 185–203, 257.
Trident, The, 62, 97–100, 221, 237, 241, 242, 243, 249, 252, 256, 257, 259, 265.
Triquetra, v. Triscèle.
Triscèle, 20, 22, 54, 55, 58, 63, 68, 77, 180–183, 220.
— Link between the, Isle of Man and Sicily, 20, 21 n. 1.
Triscèle, connected with tetrascèle, 54.
— a Solar Symbol, 54, 55, 63, 68, 180.
— a Lunar Symbol, 182, 220.
Blending with other Symbols, 180, 181.
— Origin of, 183.
Trisula, 60–63, 178, 225, 237–260.
Trojan Symbols, 33, 34, 48, 53, 56, 66, 71, 72, 76.

Unicorns, Supporters of the Sacred Tree, 122, 151; in Western Heraldry, 138.
Uræus, Egyptian, 205, 208, 216, 217, 225, 231, 232, 236, 252, 257.
Urim-Thummim, 207.

Vajra, the weapon of Indra, 45, 99.
Vardhamana, 237, 240; Interpretations of, 241; also v. sub Trisula.
Vine, The, 120, 134, 141, 153, 173.
Virgin of the Seven Swords (Sorrows), Chaldæic origin of the, 86.

Water of Life, The, 162–165, 169, 174, 175, 189.
Wheel, The Symbolic, 33, 37, 50, 51, 63, 66, 67, 71, 179, 180, 213, 214, 222, 228, 240, 243, 249, 266.

Yggdrasil, v. Cosmic Tree.