THE ANATOMY OF MELANCHOLY

WHAT IT IS
WITH ALL THE KINDS, CAUSES, SYMPTOMS,
PROGNOSTICS, AND SEVERAL CURES OF IT
IN THREE PARTITIONS; WITH THEIR SEVERAL
SECTIONS, MEMBERS, AND SUBSECTIONS,
PHILOSOPHICALLY, MEDICINALLY, HISTORICALLY
OPENED AND CUT UP

BY DEMOCRITUS JUNIOR
[ROBERT BURTON]

WITH A SATIRICAL PREFACE, CONDUCING TO THE
FOLLOWING DISCOURSE

1621


























CONTENTS
Bibliographic and Editorial Note. ..................................................................................6
Dedication......................................................................................................................7
ADVERTISEMENT. .....................................................................................................8
MEMOIR OF THE AUTHOR.......................................................................................9
DEMOCRITUS JUNIOR TO HIS BOOK..................................................................17
THE ARGUMENT OF THE FRONTISPIECE. .........................................................20
THE AUTHOR'S ABSTRACT OF MELANCHOLY,                             . [Dialogos]..........29
DEMOCRITUS JUNIOR TO THE READER. .............................................    65 - 91       92 - 106
TO THE READER AT LEISURE.............................................................................107
PROEM......................................................................................................................108
THE SYNOPSIS OF THE FIRST PARTITION.......................................................109
THE FIRST PARTITION. THE FIRST SECTION, MEMBER, SUBSECTION.
Man's Excellency, Fall, Miseries, Infirmities; The causes of them............................116
SUBSECT. II. -- The Definition, Number, Division of Diseases...............................121
SUBSECT. III. -- Division of the Diseases of the Head............................................123
SUBSECT. IV. -- Dotage, Phrensy, Madness, Hydrophobia, Lycanthropia, Chorus
sancti Viti, Extasis......................................................................................................124
SUBSECT. V.-- Melancholy in Disposition, improperly so called, Equivocations. .127
SECT. I. MEMB. II....................................................................................................129
SUBSECT. I.-- Digression of Anatomy. ....................................................................129
SUBSECT. II.-- Division of the Body, Humours, Spirits...........................................130
SUBSECT. III.-- Similar Parts..................................................................................132
SUBSECT. IV.-- Dissimilar Parts.............................................................................134
SUBSECT. V.-- Of the Soul and her Faculties. ........................................................137
SUBSECT. VI -- Of the sensible Soul. ......................................................................140
SUBSECT. VII.-- Of the Inward Senses....................................................................142
SUBSECT. IX.-- Of the Rational Soul. .....................................................................145
SUBSECT. X.-- Of the Understanding......................................................................147
MEMB. III. ................................................................................................................151
SUBSECT. I.-- Definition of Melancholy, Name, Difference....................................151
SUBSECT. II.-- Of the Part affected. Affection. Parties affected. ............................153
SUBSECT. III.-- Of the Matter of Melancholy..........................................................155
SUBSECT. IV.-- Of the species or kinds of Melancholy...........................................157
SECT. II. MEMB. I....................................................................................................159
SUBSECT. I.-- Causes of Melancholy. God a cause. ...............................................159
SUBSECT. II.-- A Digression of the nature of Spirits, bad Angels, or Devils, and how
they cause Melancholy...............................................................................................161
SUBSECT. III.-- Of Witches and Magicians, how they cause Melancholy. .............175
SUBSECT. IV.-- Stars a cause. Signs from Physiognomy, Metoposcopy, Chiromancy.
....................................................................................................................................178
SUBSECT. V.-- Old Age a Cause .............................................................................181
SUBSECT. VI.-- Parents a cause by Propagation....................................................182
MEMB. II...................................................................................................................186
SUBSECT. I.-- Bad Diet a cause. Substance. Quality of Meats. ..............................186
SUBSECT. II.-- Quantity of Diet a Cause.................................................................193
SUBSECT. III.-- Custom of Diet, Delight, Appetite, Necessity, how they cause or
hinder. ........................................................................................................................197
SUBSECT. IV.-- Retention and Evacuation a cause, and how.................................200
SUBSECT. V.-- Bad Air, a Cause of Melancholy.....................................................203
SUBSECT. VI.-- Immoderate Exercise a Cause, and how. Solitariness, Idleness. ..206
SUBSECT. VII.-- Sleeping and Waking, Causes. .....................................................212
SUBSECT. II.-- Of the force of Imagination.............................................................216
SUBSECT. III.-- Division of Perturbations. .............................................................220
SUBSECT. IV.-- Sorrow a cause of Melancholy. .....................................................221
SUBSECT. V.-- Fear, a Cause..................................................................................223
SUBSECT. VI.-- Shame and Disgrace, Causes. .......................................................225
SUBSECT. VII.-- Envy, Malice, Hatred, Causes......................................................227
SUBSECT. VIII.-- Emulation, Hatred, Faction, Desire of Revenge, Causes. ..........229
SUBSECT. IX.-- Anger, a Cause. .............................................................................232
SUBSECT. X.-- Discontent, Cares, Miseries, &c. Causes. ......................................234
SUBSECT. XI.-- Concupiscible Appetite, as Desires, Ambition, Causes.................241
SUBSECT. XII.-- Φιλαργυρια [Philargyria], Covetousness, a Cause.......................243
SUBSECT. XIV.-- Philautia, or Self-love, Vain-glory, Praise, Honour, Immoderate
Applause, Pride, over-much Joy, &c., Causes...........................................................250
SUBSECT. XV.-- Love of Learning, or overmuch study. With a Digression on the
misery of Scholars, and why the Muses are Melancholy. ..........................................256
MEMB. IV.................................................................................................................274
SUBSECT. I.-- Non-necessary, remote, outward adventitious, or accidental causes:
as first from the Nurse................................................................................................274
SUBSECT. II.-- Education a Cause of Melancholy. .................................................276
SUBSECT. III.-- Terrors and Affrights, Causes of Melancholy................................278
SUBSECT. IV.-- Scoffs, Calumnies, bitter Jests, how they cause Melancholy........281
SUBSECT. V.-- Loss of Liberty, Servitude, Imprisonment, how they cause
Melancholy.................................................................................................................285
SUBSECT. VI.-- Poverty and Want, Causes of Melancholy.....................................287
SUBSECT. VII.-- A heap of other Accidents causing Melancholy, Death of Friends,
Losses, &c. .................................................................................................................295
MEMB. V. .................................................................................................................307
SUBSECT. 1.-- Continent, inward, antecedent, next causes, and how the Body works
on the Mind. ...............................................................................................................307
SUBSECT. II.-- Distemperature of particular Parts, Causes...................................309
SUBSECT. III.-- Causes of Head-Melancholy..........................................................311
SUBSECT. IV.-- Causes of Hypochondriacal or Windy Melancholy.......................312
SUBSECT. V.-- Causes of Melancholy from the whole Body...................................314
SECT. III. MEMB. I. .................................................................................................315
SUBSECT. I.-- Symptoms, or Signs of Melancholy in the Body. ..............................315
SUBSECT. II.-- Symptoms or Signs in the Mind.......................................................317
SUBSECT. III.-- Particular Symptoms from the influence of Stars, parts of the Body,
and Humours..............................................................................................................326
SUBSECT. IV.-- Symptoms from Education, Custom, Continuance of Time, our
Condition, mixed with other Diseases, by Fits, Inclination, &c. ...............................331
MEMB. II...................................................................................................................335
SUBSECT. I.-- Symptoms of Head-Melancholy........................................................335
SUBSECT. II.-- Symptoms of windy Hypochondriacal Melancholy.........................337
SUBSECT. III.-- Symptoms of Melancholy abounding in the whole body................339
SUBSECT. IV.-- Symptoms of Maids, Nuns, and Widows' Melancholy. ..................340
MEMB. III. ................................................................................................................344
Immediate cause of these precedent Symptoms. ........................................................344
SECT. IV. MEMB. I. .................................................................................................351
Prognostics of Melancholy. .......................................................................................351
GLOSSARY ..............................................................................................................359



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