THE BOOK OF TALISMANS AMULETS AND ZODIACAL GEMS
































THE BOOK OF TALISMANS, AMULETS AND ZODIACAL GEMS

BY

WILLIAM THOMAS & KATE PAVITT

SECOND AND REVISED EDITION

WITH COLOURED FRONTISPIECE

AND TEN PLATES

LONDON

WILLIAM RIDER & SON, LTD.

CATHEDRAL HOUSE, PATERNOSTER ROW, E.G.

1922

First Published 1914

PREFACE

THE subject of Talismans and Gems of the Zodiac covers a wide area, and the difficulty of arriving at a definite conclusion is increased because of the varying opinions between writers on these subjects as to the stones referred to, or intended by the Ancients, complicated still further by the different languages from which these records have been translated, and where Month or Zodiacal gems are referred to many of the writers are obviously unacquainted with Astrology or Astronomy.
The present volume, being the result of many years of study and research, it is not easy in all cases to specify the original source of our information, which has been collected, not only from ancient and modern writings, but also from personal experience and experiments, noted at the lime they occurred, long before this book was contemplated.
Again, we find that many, and more especially modern authors, quote from one another in places, and the original source of the information is obscure ; we have, therefore, endeavoured to

viii                                                                                   PREFACE

give as far as possible our authorities, although, owing to the antiquity of the subject, much is necessarily left to deduction and conjecture ; and it is more than probable there may be unintentional omissions, to remedy which we give a list of books that we have at different times consulted and studied with advantage.
We have endeavoured throughout to make the subjects dealt with as interesting as possible, believing that the symbols expressing the faiths of bygone days form the basis of occult forces, a proper understanding of which is becoming more
and more recognised by scientists as necessary in the interests of progress at the present day.
It will be noticed that many of the gems have similar qualities attributed to them which, according to the ancient authorities, were specifically arranged for the benefit of those types whose planetary aspects brought them into harmony with the particular stone specified.
With regard to characteristics dealt with in the second part of the book, this must be regarded as general, and liable to variation according to the remaining Planetary influences, which would be indicated in a horoscope. With this proviso, the information given will be found reliable and very helpful in giving a knowledge of our own dispositions and those of our friends and associates

PREFACE ix

and should pave the way to a sympathy and understanding impossible without this knowledge.
It will also afford a simple and easy means of at least proving there is something in Astrology, and if interest is aroused the fullest information may be obtained by a study of the books mentioned, dealing with the subject.
We have greatly benefited from the assistance given us by Mrs. G. M. Walker in lending us scarce and valuable books for reference, and by G. H. Greenop, Esq., kindly translating many old Greek and Latin writings ; we should also like to acknowledge our obligations to the Directors of the British Museum for the facilities given in obtaining information, and their permission to make drawings from the actual Talismans in their collections.
WM. THOS. PAVITT
17 HANOVER SQUARE, LONDON, W.
yd August, 1914

CONTENTS

PART I

CHAPTER I                                                                                                                                                                  PAGES    
The Psychic and Magnetic Influence of Talismans and Gems                                                                                     3-12

CHAPTER II

Talismans of Primitive Races - The Axe - Arrow-head - The Swastika - The Serpent - The Interlaced Triangles   13-22

CHAPTER III

The Tau Cross -  AumMaNi Pad Me Hum - Indian Talismans -Ganesa the Elephant-headed -
Hanuman the Monkey God - The Eight Glorious Emblems of Buddha - TheWheel of Life -
The Conch Shell - The Two Fishes - The Lucky Diagram - The Lotus - The Frog - The Three Gems                      23-33

CHAPTER IV

Talisman for Wisdom - Buddha's Footprints - The Dorje Knots - Chinese Talismans - The Trigrams -
The Five Bats - The Goose - Stork - Pine Tree - Peach - LuckySentence - The Phoenix - The Dragon -
Horse Hoof - Siva's Charm - The Money Sword - Red in Talismans - The Lock Bells - The Tortoise -
The Tiger - Pigs - The Black Cat                                                                                                                                    34-43

xi

xii                                                                                    CONTENTS

CHAPTER V                                                                                                                                                              PAGES

The Pear - Charm ShowFu-- Jade-The Blue Gown for Longevity-Japanese-The Tiger-Wolf-Fox-The
Thunder, Fire and Echo The Fan of Power Hotel, the God of Contentment The Eagle, The Millet
Dumpling, Carp, Sacred Dog, Stork, Tortoise, Crane, Child's Hand, Mitsu-Domoe, Hammer of
Daikoku, The Keys, Anchor, Crystal Ball, Leaf Talisman, Ota-fu-ku, Bow, Temple at Ise . .                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          44~54
CHAPTER VI

Egyptian Beliefs, Crux Ansata, The Menat, The Two Plumes, The Single Plume, The Nefer, The
Cartouche, The Angles and Plummet, The God Bes, Aper, The Tat, The Heart 55-65

CHAPTER VII

The Buckle of the Girdle of Isis, The Scarab, The Eye of Osiris, The Two Fingers, The Collar, The
Hawk, The Sma, The Ladder and Steps, The Snake's Head, The Serpent, The Sun's Disc, The Frog,
The Fish, The Vulture, The Sa, or Tie                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   66-75
CHAPTER VIII

Gnosticism, Abraxa,s Sacred Name,s Khnoubi,s The Seven Vowels, The Magic Symbols, The
Archangels,  Lion-headed Serpen,t Aum, The Ineffable Name, Horus, Osiri,s Isi,s Etruscan, Greek,
and Roman, The Crescent Symbol, The Horseshoe, Tusk, or Horn, Stable, Keys, Amalthaea's Horn,
or Cornucopia, Serapis, Bull's Head, Diana, Harpokrates, Anubis, Bellerophon, Salus Ring, Hygiea . . .                                                                                                                                                                                                                       76-85
                                                                                      
                                                                                       CONTENTS                                                                              xiii

CHAPTER IX                                                                                                                                                              PAGES

The Bulla, The Tusk, Pine Cone, The Frog, Skull of an Ass, Key, Talismans, Grylli, or Chimera Goat,
The Ox, Lion, Eagle, The Caduceus, Mercury, Health, Rings, Boar's Head, Clenched Hand, Open
Hand, Figured Hands, The Lizard, The Spider, The Fish, Snails                                                                                86-96

CHAPTER X

The Orient, The Koran, Jochebed, Bead Necklaces, Mashallah, Hassan and Hussein, Hand of the Lady
Fatima, Five Principal Commandments, Zufur Tukiah, Nasiree, Gadiri, Mohammed, Merzoum,
The Diamond, Cube of Amber, Scorpion-charming, Early Christian and Mediaeval Talismans, Clement
of Alexandria, The Fish, Dag, Palm Branch, The Ship, Sacred Monogram, Shen, Constantine the Great,
Thoth, The Cross, Household Cross, Yucatan, Hand, and Cross, Wheel Cross .....                                                  97-106

CHAPTER XI

The Agnus, Dei, The Coventry Ring, Ananizapta, Tau Cross, Cross of St. Benedict Byzantine Ring,
Simsum Ring, Abracadabra, Pentalpha, Pentacle, Pentagram, or Five-pointed Star, The Kabala,
The Table of Jupiter, The Ten Divine Names, The Planetary Angels, The Agla, Dr. Dee ....                                   107-117

CHAPTER XII
Tetragrammaton, Phylactery, Talismans against all mischiefs, the Magu,s Venus Talisman, Totaphoth,
Abraxas, Eye of a Cock, Bells, Gargoyles, Cramp Rings, Blessing of Rings, Musseltau,b Posie Rings,
Gemmel Ring,s Zodiacal Rings, The Signs of the Zodiac in Rhyme, General Talismans, The Lee Penny,
Crystal, The Moon Talismans, Peacock, Juno, Fire Talismans, Gold Nugget, Coins, Card Talismans,
Badger's Tooth, Four-leaved Clover . . . . .                                                                                                                  118-130

xiv CONTENTS

PART II

CHAPTER I

ARIES THE RAM

The Zodiac, Zodiacal and Calendar Months, The New Year, The Constellation, Hamal, The Passover,
Characteristics of Aries People, Gems of Arie,s The Bloodstone and Heliotrope, Mars the Ruling Planet,
Marbodeus Callus, The Diamond, The Qualities of the Diamond, Tavernier, The Regent,
The Koh-i-Noor, The Hope Diamond......                                                                                                                     133-48

CHAPTER II

TAURUS THE BULL

The Constellation, Aldebaran, The Chaldeans, The Temples, Apis Bull, Aphrodite, Characteristics of
Taurus, Training, Gems of Taurus, The Sapphire, Bishop's Ring, St. Jerome, Qualities of the Sapphire,
Star Sapphire, Solomon's Seal, Charlemagne's Talisman, The Turquoise, Bretius de Boot, Horseman's
Talisman, Qualities of the Stone . .                                                                                                                              149- 160

CHAPTER III

GEMINI THE TWINS

Period, The Twins, Castor and Pollux, The Argonauts, King Solomon's Pillars, Maia Ovid and
Wedding of Mary Queen of Scots, Gemini Number, Characteristics, Agates and their Virtues, Orpheus,
Chrysoprase, Alexander the Great, Virtues of the Stone . .                                                                                       161-73

CHAPTER IV CANCER

The Dark Sign, Its Duration, Origins, Summer Solstice, Hercules and the Crab, Characteristics,
Goddess Esmeralda and the Ancient Peruvians, The Emerald Isle, Moonstones,Blue Moon, Pearls,
Cat's Eyes, Rock Crystals, Crystal-gazing Virtues of the Crystal                                                                             174-86

CHAPTER V

LEO THE LION

Period, Constellation, The Fiery Sign, Hercules and the Lion, Characteristics, Personal Magnetism of
the Type, Disposition, Money - makers, Entertainers, Health Defects, Marriage and Love Affairs,
Artistic Tendencies, Gems of the House, The Sardonyx, Qualities of the Stone, The Chrysolite and the
Romans, The Tourmaline, Peculiarities of the Stone Amber, Virtues and Medicinal Uses, The Topaz . . .             187-98

CHAPTER VI

VIRGO THE VIRGIN

Period, Constellation, Mythology, Symbols, Paris under Virgo, Reflecting Qualities of the Sign,
Characteristics, Marriage, Professions, Ailments, Harmonious Types, Gems of the House, Cornelian,
Virtues of the Cornelian, Napoleon's Seal, Talisman, Clairvoyant, Properties of the Stone, Jade,
New Zealanders' Faith, The Tiki, Jade as Racing Talisman . .                                                                                  199-211


CHAPTER VII

LIBRA THE BALANCE PAGES.

Period, Constellation, Origin of the Sign, The Yoke,,The Altar, Characteristics of the Type, Influence
of,Saturn, Inclination for Companionship, Marriage,,Moods, Partnership, Professions, Health Defects
of,the Type, Gems of the House, The Opal Coral,,Lapis Lazuli, The Modern Ill-luck of the Opal, Its
Ancient Virtues, Sensitiveness of the Opal, Its Virtues,as a Libra Gem, Coral, Virtues, As Infant's
Talisman,,Lapis Lazuli, Egyptian Talisman, Qualities of the,Stone ...                                                                        212-23

CHAPTER VIII

SCORPIO THE SCORPION

Period, Ruling Planet, Mythology, Symbology, Characteristics,of the Type, Effect of the Malefic
Aspects,,Health Defects, Professions, Religion, Marriage, The,Gems of the House, The Beryl and
Aquamarine differing,only in Colour, Qualities of the Beryl, Clairvoyant,Properties, The Carbuncle
as Transmitter of Light,,Noah's Lamp, Talisman against Infection, The Lodestone,,Magnetic
Qualities as an Amulet against Shipwreck,and Gout ....                                                                                              224-34

CHAPTER IX

SAGITTARIUS THE ARCHER

Period, The Constellation, The Bow in the Cloud, Mythology, Characteristics of the Type,
Appropriateness of the Symbol, Fresh Air a Necessity, Professions, Ailments, Marriage Relations,
Gem of the House, The Topaz, Nan Ratan, Pliny and the Topaz, Discovery of the Stone, The Emperor
Hadrian and his Ring, Appropriateness of the Stone to the Type, The Stone of Strength, As a Talisman
against Asthma, Marbodus and the Topaz, Chrysolite also Favourable ...                                                                225-44


CHAPTER X

CAPRICORNUS THE GOAT

Constellation, Period, Ruling Planet Saturn, Mythology, The Symbol of the Goat, Characteristics,
Constitution and Health Defects, India under the Rule of Capricorn, Professions, Marriage, Saturn
favourable for the Elderly, Gems of the House, The Ruby Spinel, Qualities of the Gem, Sensitiveness
for Good or Evil, The Malachite, Copper as a Talisman against Colic and Cholera, Black Onyx,
Favourable and Unfavourable Influence of the Stone, Jet, The Afflictions of Saturn, Effects on other
Types .....                                                                                                                                                                        245-56

CHAPTER XI

AQUARIUS THE WATER-BEARER

Constellation, Period, Symbol, Early Religious Teachings, The Glyph, Rulers of the House, Saturn and
Uranus, Characteristics of the Type, Temper, Professions, Health Defects, Marriage and Friendships,
Gems of the House, Garnets and Zircons, The Garnet and Ruby, Qualities of the Stone, Virtue, as a
Keepsake, The Zircon, The Hyacinth, The Jargoon, The Jacinth as a Talisman, for Sleep, Set in Gold
for Restlessness, The Lyncurion of the Ancients: its Virtues ..                                                                                  257-68

CHAPTER XII

PISCES THE FISHES
Period, Constellation, Precession of the Equinoxes, Ichthyes the Fishes, Mythology, Symbol, The
Rulers of the House, Characteristics, Ailments of the Type, Professions, Friendship and Marriage
Harmonious and Inharmonious Types, The Gem of the House, The Amethyst, Virtues of the Stone,
Talisman against Inebriety, Its Calming Influence, The Stone of St. Valentine, As a Lovers' Talisman,
The Effect of Purple Rays, The Amethyst Beneficent to all Types Real and Artificial, Gems, and how
to test and select them .                                                                                                                                                267-81

Bibliography     

Index




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