THE LESSER KEY OF SOLOMON

GOETIA

Compiled and Translated
By
S.L. “MacGregor” Mathers

Editing and Additional Material
By
Aleister Crowley

Page Three

(36.) STOLAS, or STOLOS. - The Thirty-sixth Spirit is Stolas, or Stolos. He is a Great and
Powerful Prince, appearing in the Shape of a Mighty Raven at first before the Exorcist; but after
he taketh the image of a Man. He teacheth the Art of Astronomy, and the Virtues of Herbs and
Precious Stones.
He governeth 26 Legions of Spirits; and his Seal is this, which is, etc.

(37.) PHENEX. - The Thirty-Seventh Spirit is Phenex (or Pheynix). He is a great Marquis, and
appeareth like the Bird Phoenix, having the Voice of a Child. He singeth many sweet notes
before the Exorcist, which he must not regard, but by-and-by he must bid him put on Human
Shape.
Then hewill speak marvellously of all wonderful Sciences ifrequired. He is a Poet, good and
excellent. And he will be willing to perform thy requests. He hathhopes also to return to the
Seventh Throne after 1,200 years more, as he said unto Solomon. He governeth 20 Legions of
Spirits. And his Seal is this, which wear thou, etc.

(38.) HALPHAS, or MALTHUS. - The Thirty-eighth Spirit is Halphas, or Malthous
(or Malthas).
He is a Great Earl, and appeareth in the Form of a Stock-Dove. He speaketh with a hoarse
Voice.
His Office is to build up Towers, and to furnish them with Ammunition and Weapons, and to
send Men-of-War19 to places appointed. He ruleth over 26 Legions of Spirits, and his Seal
is this, etc.

(39.) MALPHAS. - The Thirty-ninth Spirit is Malphas. He appeareth at first like a Crow,
but after he will put on Human Shape at the request of the Exorcist, and speak with a hoarse
Voice. He is a Mighty President and Powerful. He can build Houses and High Towers, and
can bring to thy Knowledge Enemies’ Desires and Thoughts, and that which they have done.
He giveth Good Familiars. If thou makest a Sacrifice unto him he will receive it kindly and
willingly, but he will deceive him- that doth it. He governeth 40 Legions of Spirits, and his Seal
is this, etc.

19 Or Warriors, or Men-at-Arms.

(40.) RAUM. - The Fortieth Spirit is Raum. He is a Great Earl; and appeareth at first in the
Form of a Crow, but after the Command of the Exorcist he putteth on Human Shape. His
office is to steal Treasures out King’s Houses, and to carry it whither he is commanded,
and to destroy Cities and Dignities of Men, and to tell all things, Past and What Is, and what
Will Be; and to cause Love between Friends and Foes. He was of the Order of Thrones. He
governeth 30 Legions of Spirits; and his Seal is this, which wear thou as aforesaid.

                                   (41.) FOCALOR. - The Forty-first Spirit is Focalor, or Forcalor, or Furcalor. He is a
                                   Mighty Duke and Strong. He appeareth in the Form of a Man with Gryphon’s Wings.
                                   His office is to slay Men, and to drown them in the Waters, and to overthrow Ships of
                                   War, for he hath Power over both Winds and Seas; but he will not hurt any man or thing
                                   if he be commanded to the contrary by the Exorcist. He also hath hopes to return to
                                   the Seventh Throne after 1,000 years. He governeth 30 Legions of Spirits, and his Seal
                                   is this, etc.

                                   (42.) Vepar. - The Forty-second Spirit is Vepar, or Vephar. He is a Duke Great and
                                   Strong and appeareth like a Mermaid. His office is to govern the Waters, and to guide
                                   Ships laden with Arms, Armour, and Ammunition, etc., thereon. And at the request of the
                                   Exorcist he can cause the seas to be right stormy and to appear full of ships. Also he
                                   maketh men to die in Three Days by Putrefying Wounds or Sores, and causing Worms
                                   to breed in them. He governeth 29 Legions of Spirits, and his Seal is this, etc.

                                   (43.) SABNOCK. - The Forty-third Spirit, as King Solomon commanded them into the
                                   Vessel of Brass, is called Sabnock, or Savnok. He is a Marquis, Mighty, Great and
                                   Strong, appearing in the Form of an Armed Soldier with a Lion’s Head, riding on a
                                   pale-coloured horse. His office is to build high Towers, Castles and Cities, and-to furnish
                                   them with Armour, etc. Also he can afflict Men for many days with Wounds and with
                                   Sores rotten and full of Worms. He giveth Good Familiars at the request of the Exorcist.
                                   He commandeth 50 Legions of Spirits; and his Seal is this.

                                   (44.) SHAN. - The Forty-fourth Spirit is Shax, or Shaz (or Shass). He is a Great Marquis
                                   and appeareth in the Form of a Stock-Dove, speaking with a voice hoarse, but yet subtle.
                                   His Office is to take away the Sight, Hearing, or Understanding of any Man or Woman
                                   at the command of the Exorcist; and to steal money out of the houses of Kings, and to
                                   carry it again in 1,200 years. If commanded he will fetch Horses at the request of the
                                   Exorcist, or any other thing. But he must first be commanded into a Triangle, Ò, or else
                                   he will deceive him, and tell him many Lies. He can discover all things that are Hidden,
                                   and not kept by Wicked Spirits. He giveth good Familiars, sometimes. He governeth 30
                                   Legions of Spirits, and his Seal is this, etc.

                                   (45.) VINE. - The Forty-fifth Spirit is Vine, or Vinea. He is a Great King, and an Earl;
                                   and appeareth in the Form of a Lion,20 riding upon a Black Horse, and bearing a Viper
                                   in his hand. His Office is to discover Things Hidden, Witches, Wizards, and Things
                                   Present, Past, and to Come. He, at the command of the Exorcist will build Towers,
                                   overthrow Great Stone Walls, and make the Waters rough with Storms. He governeth 36
                                   Legions of Spirits. And his Seal is this, which wear
                                   thou, as aforesaid, etc.

(46.) BIFRONS. - The Forty-sixth Spirit is called Bifrons, or Bifrous, or Bifrovs. He is an Earl, and
appeareth in the Form of a Monster; but after a while, at the Command of the Exorcist, he putteth
on the shape of a Man. His Office is to make one knowing in Astrology, Geometry, and other Arts
and Sciences. He teacheth the Virtues of Precious Stones and Woods. He changeth Dead Bodies,
and putteth them in another place; also he lighteth seeming Candles upon the Graves of the Dead.
He hath under his Command 6 Legions of Spirits.
His Seal is this, which he will own and submit unto, etc.

(47.) UVALL, VUAL, or VOVAL. - The Forty-seventh Spirit Uvall, or Vual, or Voval. He is a Duke,
Great, Mighty, and Strong; and appeareth in the Form of a Mighty Dromedary at the first, but
after  a while at the Command of the

20 Or “with the Head of a Lion,” or “having a Lion his Head,” in some Codices.

Exorcist he putteth on Human Shape, and speaketh the Egyptian Tongue, but not perfectly.21
His Office is to procure the Love of Woman, and to tell Things Past, Present, and to Come. He also
procureth Friendship between Friends and Foes.
He was of the Order of Potestates or Powers. He governeth 37 Legions of Spirits, and his Seal is this,
to be made and worn before thee, etc.

(48.) HAAGENTI. - The Forty-eighth Spirit is Haagenti. He is a President, appearing in the
Form of a Mighty Bull with Gryphon’s Wings.
This is at first, but after, at the Command of the Exorcist he putteth on Human Shape. His
Office is to make Men wise, and to instruct them in divers things; also to Transmute all
Metals into Gold; and to change Wine into Water, and Water into Wine. He governeth 33
Legions of Spirits, and his Seal is this, etc.

(49.) CROCELL. - The Forty-ninth Spirit is Crocell, or Crokel. He appeareth in the Form
of an Angel. He is a Duke Great and Strong, speaking something Mystically of Hidden Things.
He teacheth the Art of Geometry and the Liberal Sciences. He, at the Command of the Exorcist,
will produce Great Noises like the Rushings of many Waters, although there be none. He
warmeth Waters, and discovereth Baths. He was of the Order of Potestates, or Powers, before
his fall, as he declared unto the King Solomon. He governeth 48 Legions of Spirits. His Seal is
this, the which wear thou as aforesaid.

(50.) FURCAS. - The Fiftieth Spirit is Furcas.
He is a Knight, and appeareth in the Form of a Cruel Old Man with a long Beard and a hoary
Head, riding upon a pale-coloured Horse, with a Sharp Weapon in his hand. His Office is to teach
the Arts of Philosophy, Astrology, Rhetoric, Logic, Cheiromancy, and Pyromancy, in all their
parts, and perfectly. He hath under his Power 20 Legions of Spirits. His Seal, or Mark, is thus
made, etc.

21 He can nowadays converse in sound though colloquial Coptic.-ED.

                                   (51.) BALAM. - The Fifty-first Spirit is Balam or Balaam. He is a Terrible, Great, and
                                   Powerful King. He appeareth with three Heads: the first is like that of a Bull; the second
                                   is like that of a Man; the third is like that of a Ram. He hath the Tail of a Serpent, and
                                   Flaming Eyes. He rideth upon a furious  Bear, and carrieth a Boshawk upon his Fist. He
                                   speaketh with a hoarse Voice, giving True Answers of Things Past, Present, and to Come.
                                   He maketh men to go Invisible, and also to be Witty.
                                   He governeth 40 Legions of Spirits. His Seal is this, etc.

                                   (52.) ALLOCES. - The Fifty-second Spirit is Alloces, or Alocas. He is a Duke, Great,
                                   Mighty, and Strong, appearing in the Form of a Soldier22 riding upon a Great Horse. His
                                   Face is like that of a Lion, very Red, and having Flaming Eyes. His Speech is hoarse
                                   and very big.23 His Office is to teach the Art of Astronomy, and all the Liberal Sciences.
                                   He bringeth unto thee Good Familiars; also he ruleth over 36 Legions of Spirits. His
                                   Seal is this, which, etc.

                                   (53.) CAMIO or CAIM. - The Fifty-third Spirit is Camio, or Caim. He is a Great President,
                                   and appeareth in the Form of the Bird called a Thrush at first, but afterwards he putteth on
                                   the Shape of a Man carrying in his Hand a Sharp Sword. He seemeth to answer in Burning
                                    Ashes, or in Coals of  Fire. He is a Good Disputer. His Office is to give unto Men the                                                          Understanding of all Birds, Lowing of Bullocks, Barking of Dogs, and other Creatures; and
                                   also of the Voice of the Waters. He giveth True Answers of Things to Come. He was of the
                                   Order of Angels, but now ruleth over 30 Legions of Spirits Infernal. His Seal is this, which
                                   wear thou, etc.

                                   (54.) MURMUR, or MURMUS. - The Fifty-fourth Spirit is called Murmur, or Murmus, or                                                  Murmux. He is a Great Duke, and an Earl; and appeareth in the Form of a Warrior riding
                                   upon a. Gryphon, with a Ducal Crown upon his Head.
                                   There do go before him those his Ministers, with great Trumpets sounding. His Office is to
                                   teach Philosophy perfectly, and to constrain Souls

                                                22 Or Warrior.
                                                23 Thus expressed in the Codices.

                                   Deceased to come before the Exorcist to answer those questions which he may wish to put
                                   to them, if desired. He was partly of the Order of Thrones, and partly of that of Angels. He
                                   now ruleth 30 Legions of Spirits. And his Seal is this, etc.

                                   (55.) OROBAS. - The Fifty-fifth Spirit is Orobas. He is a great and Mighty Prince, appearing
                                   at first like a Horse; but after the command of the Exorcist he putteth on the Image of a Man.
                                   His Office is to discover all things Past, Present, and to Come; also to give Dignities, and                                                   Prelacies, and the Favour of Friends and of Foes.
                                   He giveth True Answers of Divinity, and of the Creation of the World. He is very faithful unto
                                   the Exorcist, and will not suffer him to be tempted of any Spirit. He governeth 20 Legions of                                             Spirits. His Seal is this, etc.

(56.) GREMORY, or GAMORI. - The Fifty-sixth Spirit is Gremory, or Gamori. He is a Duke
Strong and Powerful, and appeareth in the Form of a Beautiful Woman, with a Duchess’s Crown
tied about her waist, and riding on a Great Camel.
His Office is to tell of all Things Past, Present, and to Come; and of Treasures Hid, and what they
lie in; and to procure the Love of Women both Young and Old. He governeth 26 Legions of Spirits,
and his Seal is this, etc.

(57.) OSE, or VOSO. - The Fifty-seventh Spirit is Oso, Ose, or Voso. He is a Great President, and
appeareth like a Leopard at the first, but after a little time he putteth on the Shape of a Man. His
Office is to make one cunning in the Liberal Sciences, and to give True Answers of Divine and
Secret Things; also to change a Man into any Shape that the Exorcist pleaseth, so that he that is
so changed will not think any other thing than that he is in verity that Creature or Thing he is
changed into. He governeth 3024 Legions of Spirits, and this is his Seal, etc.

(58.) AMY, or AVNAS. - The Fifty-eighth Spirit is Amy, or Avnas. He is a Great President,and
appeareth at first in the Form of a Flaming Fire; but after a while he putteth on the Shape of a

24 Should be 30. For these 72 Great Spirits of the Book Goetia are all Princes and Leaders of
numbers.

Man. His office is to make one Wonderful Knowing25 in Astrology and all the LiberalSciences.
He giveth Good Familiars, and can bewray Treasure that is kept by Spirits. Hegoverneth 36 Legions
of Spirits, and his Seal is this, etc.

(59.) ORIAX, or ORIAS. - The Fifty-ninth Spirit is Oriax, or Orias. He is a Great Marquis,and
appeareth in the Form of a Lion,26 riding upon a Horse Mighty and Strong, with a Serpent’s Tail;
and he holdeth in his Right Hand two Great Serpents hissing. His Office is to teach the Virtues of
the Stars, and to know the Mansions of the Planets, and how to understand their Virtues. He also
transformeth Men, and he giveth Dignities, Prelacies, and Confirmation thereof; also Favour with
Friends and with Foes.
He doth govern 30 Legions of Spirits; and his Seal is this, etc.

(60.) VAPULA, or NAPHULA. - The Sixtieth Spirit is Vapula, or Naphula. He is a Duke Great,
Mighty, and Strong; appearing in the Form of a. Lion with Gryphon’s Wings. HisOffice is to
make Men Knowing in all Handcrafts and Professions, also in Philosophy, and other Sciences.
He governeth 36 Legions of Spirits, and his Seal or Character is thus made,and thou shalt wear
it as aforesaid, etc.

                                    (61.) ZAGAN. - The Sixty-first Spirit is Zagan. He is a Great King and President, appearing
                                   at first in the Form of a Bull with Gryphon’s Wings; but after a while he putteth on Human
                                   Shape. He maketh Men Witty. He can turn Wine into Water, and Blood into Wine, also
                                   Water into Wine. He can turn all Metals into Coin of the Dominion that Metal is of. He can
                                   even make Fools wise. He governeth 33 Legions of Spirits, and his Seal is this, etc.

                                    (62.) VOLAC, or VALAK, or VALU, or VALAC. The Sixty-second Spirit is Volac, or Valak,
                                    or Valu. He is a President Mighty and Great, and appeareth like a Child with Angel’s Wings,
                                    riding on a Two-headed Dragon. His Office is to

                                                25 Thus in the actual Text.
                                                26 Or “with the Face of a Lion.”

                                   give True Answers of Hidden Treasures, and to tell where Serpents may be seen. The which
                                   he will bring unto the Exorciser without any Force or Strength being by him employed. He                                                    governeth 38 Legions of Spirits, and his Seal is thus.

                                    (63.) ANDRAS. - The Sixty-third Spirit is Andras. He is a Great Marquis, appearing in the
                                    Form of an Angel with a Head like a Black Night Raven, riding upon a strong Black Wolf,
                                    and having a Sharp and Bright Sword flourished aloft in his hand. His Office is to sow
                                    Discords. If the Exorcist have not a care, he will slay both him and his fellows. He governeth
                                    30 Legions of Spirits, and this is his Seal, etc.

                                    (64.) HAURES, or HAURAS, or HAVRES, or FLAUROB. The Sixty-fourth Spirit is Haures,
                                    or Hauras, or Havres, or Flauros. He is a Great Duke, and appeareth at first like a Leopard,                                              Mighty, Terrible, and Strong, but after a while, at the Command of the Exorcist, he putteth
                                    on Human. Shape with Eyes Flaming and Fiery, and a most Terrible Countenance. He giveth
                                    True Answers of all things, Present, Past, and to Come.
                                    But if he be not commanded into a Triangle, Ò, he will Lie in all these Things, and deceive
                                    and beguile the Exorcist in these things, or in such and such business. He will, lastly, talk of
                                    the Creation of the World, and of Divinity, and of how he and other Spirits fell. He destroyeth
                                    and burneth up those who be the Enemies of the Exorcist should he so desire it; also he will
                                    not suffer him to be tempted by any other Spirit or otherwise. Hegoverneth 36 Legions of
                                    Spirits, and his Seal is this, to be worn as a Lamen, etc.

                                    (65.) ANDREALPHUS. - The Sixty-fifth Spirit is Andrealphus. He is a Mighty Marquis,
                                    appearing at first in the form of a Peacock, with great Noises.
                                    But after a time he putteth on Human shape. He can teach Geometry perfectly. He maketh
                                    Men very subtle therein; and in all Things pertaining unto Mensuration or Astronomy. He
                                    can transform a Man into the Likeness of a Bird. He governeth 30 Legions of Infernal
                                    Spirits, and his Seal is this, etc.

(66.) CIMEJES, or CIMEIES, or KIMARIS. - The Sixtysixth Spirit is Cimejes, or Cimeies, or
Kimaris. He is a Marquis, Mighty, Great, Strong and Powerful, appearing like a Valiant Warrior
riding upon a goodly Black Horse. He ruleth over all Spirits in the parts of Africa. His Office is
to teach perfectly Grammar, Logic, Rhetoric, and to discover things Lost or Hidden, and
Treasures. He governeth 20 Legions of Infernals; and his Seal is this, etc.

(67.) AMDUSIAS, or AMDUKIAS. - The Sixty-seventh Spirit is Amdusias, or Amdukias.
He is a Duke Great and Strong, appearing at first like a Unicorn, but at the request of the Exorcist
he standeth before him in Human Shape, causing Trumpets, and all manner of Musical Instruments
to be heard, but not soon or immediately. Also he can cause Trees to bend and incline according to
the Exorcist’s Will. He giveth Excellent Familiars. He governeth 29 Legions of Spirits. And his Seal
is this, etc.

(68.) BELIAL. - The Sixty-eighth Spirit is Belial. He is a Mighty and a Powerful King, and was
created next after LUCIFER. He appeareth in the Form of Two Beautiful Angels sitting in a Chariot
of Fire. He speaketh with a Comely Voice, and declareth that he fell first from among the worthier
sort, that were before Michael, and other Heavenly Angels. His Office is to distribute Presentations
and Senatorships, etc.; and to cause favour of Friends and of Foes.
He giveth excellent Familiars, and governeth 50 Legions of Spirits. Note well that this King Belial
must have Offerings, Sacrifices and Gifts presented unto him by the Exorcist, or else he will not give
True Answers unto his Demands.
But then he tarrieth not one hour in the Truth, unless he be constrained by Divine Power. And his
Seal is this, which is to be worn as aforesaid, etc.

(69.) DECARABIA. - The Sixty-ninth Spirit is Decarabia. He appeareth in the Form of a Star in a
Pentacle, at first; but after, at the command of the Exorcist, he putteth on the image of a Man.
His Office is to discover the Virtues of Birds and Precious Stones, and to make the Similitude of all
kinds of Birds to fly before the Exorcist, singing and drinking as natural Birds do. He governeth 30
Legions of Spirits, being himself a Great Marquis.
And this is his Seal, which is to be worn, etc.

(70.) SEERE, SEAR, or SEIR. - The Seventieth Spirit is Seere, Sear, or Seir. He is a Mighty Prince,
and Powerful, under AMAYMON, King of the East. He appeareth in the Form of a Beautiful Man,
riding upon a Winged Horse. His Office is to go and come; and to bring abundance of things to pass
on a sudden, and to carry or recarry anything whither thou wouldest have it to go, or whence thou
wouldest have it from. He can pass over the whole Earth in the twinkling of an Eye.
He giveth a True relation of all sorts of Theft, and of Treasure hid, and of many other things. He is
of an indifferent Good Nature, and is willing to do anything which the Exorcist desireth. He
governeth 26 Legions of Spirits. And this his Seal.

(71.) DANTALION. - The Seventy-first Spirit is Dantalion. He is a Duke Great and Mighty,
appearing in the Form of a Man with many Countenances, all Men’s and Women’s Faces; and he
hath a Book in his right hand. His Office is to teach all Arts and Sciences unto any; and to declare
the Secret Counsel of any one; for he knoweth the Thoughts of all Men and Women, and can
change them at his Will. He can cause Love, and show the Similitude of any person, and show the
same by a Vision, let them be in what part of the World they Will. He governeth 36 Legions of
Spirits; and this is his Seal, which wear thou, etc.

(72.) ANDROMALIUS.—The Seventy-second Spirit in Order is named Andromalius. He is an
Earl, Great and Mighty, appearing in the Form of a Man holding a Great Serpent in his Hand.
His Office is to bring back both a Thief, and the Goods which be stolen; and to discover all
Wickedness, and Underhand Dealing; and to punish all Thieves and other Wicked People and
also to discover Treasures that be Hid. He ruleth over 36 Legions of Spirits. His Seal is this, the
which wear thou as aforesaid, etc.



The Lesser Key of Solomon

Main Library